URBAN POLICY AND ACTION PLAN FOR KERALA
. Government will
formulate specific revised criteria and procedure for
1 Declaring an area as statutory urban local body.
2 ELEVATING LOCAL BODIES TO DIFFERENT URBAN/MUNICIPAL
STATUS , AND
3 Effecting jurisdictional changes to existing statutory
urban local bodies, considering the peculiar settlement
characteristics of the State. The urban areas which have
the potential to be developed as major growth centres with
prospects in different sectors such as industries, tourism,
I.T, trade, commerce etc., shall be identified, planned
Ensuring Participation of private sector for development
of infrastructure is essential. Government would therefore
explore all options such as outsourcing of service, Public-Private
Participation. etc. The feasibility of involving co-operatives
and N.G.Os will also be explored.
Government will constitute an Urban Regulatory Authority
which will be entrusted with the responsibility to ensure
private sector participation in municipal services, avoid
creation of monopolies in municipal services, maintain quality
of services, make sure that the cost of services to the
public is reasonable and will also function as a forum for
receiving complaints/ suggestions etc., on all urban services.
City Regions of Thiruvananthapuram and Kochi are considered
as Spatial Priority Regions for urban Development in the
state. Kozhikode is the second priority city and the urban
agglomerations of Thrissur, Kannur, Kollam, Alappuzha, Palakkad
and Kottayam will be considered as third priority Towns.
The remaining statutory towns in Kerala are classified under
fourth priority towns depending on their potentialities
for development and their economic development capabilities.
The Government will ensure preparation and implementation
of development packages for all these towns with coordination
of all the sectors involved. Projects under statutory town
planning schemes shall get priority while preparing such
will introduce a system of categorizing and prioritizing
cities / towns for infrastructure investments in view of
their respective roles in economic development. The Government
will fix and publish appropriate criteria and their weightage
for arriving at priority; so that the local bodies can know
how and how far they can come up and go down the priority
ladder. Plan funds will be released only on assessment of
performance of ULBs in the field of statutory obligations.
The annual planning and budgeting system of urban local
bodies will be functionally linked with 5 year Development
Plans and long range (20.25 years) perspective Plans.
Interim development plans will be prepared for those towns,
which are not covered under development plans. This will
facilitate in undertaking urban development projects for
more towns under various schemes such as IDSMT .
The Government propose to bring out a unified legislation
on Town and Country Planning with wider provisions for preparation
of State Spatial Development Plans, Regional Development
Plans, District Development Plans, Urban Development Plans
and Special Area Development Plans.
desire to support major town level projects and major innovative
urban development projects taken up by ULBs. Government
will create Kerala Urban Development Innovation Fund with
specific guidelines for selection of projects, usage of
Procurement of land for public purposes can be materialised
through urban land consolidation. Possibilities for practices
such as allocation of alternate land, issuing of TDR (Transfer
of Development Right), urban land reconstitution, creation
of Land Banks, popularizing land lease etc., shall be studied
The Government shall make required arrangements to build
up Urban Land Information System (ULIS) in a phased manner.
Government reserve the right to designate critical land
for its best use. Indiscriminate conversion of low lying
urban areas shall be regulated using policies arrived at
based on scientific studies. Government have powers to reserve
any land required for future widening of road without denying
the right of the land owner to enjoy the existing use of
the land till land is taken over for road widening.
Development charges shall be levied on land transaction,
new construction, and new commercial ventures that are coming
up in any project area after the notification. Development
charges can be collected for all projects irrespective of
the fact whether the projects are implemented by State,
Central, Local Self Governments, Development authorities,
PSUs, PSPs or purely private. Development charges shall
be limited to ‘user fee’ applicable only to
these who avail the benefit of the scheme.
Floor Area Ratio (FAR) permissible for an area shall be
based on the considerations of the infrastructure availability
in the area and will be controlled through zoning regulations.
Conservation of heritage structures and areas will be given
priority. Appropriate schemes, projects and regulations
will be materialised for meeting the above objectives. The
role of Art and Heritage Commission in Kerala will be strengthened
The extent of parks and open spaces in the urban areas of
Kerala will be given due importance. Development of amusement
parks, recreational walkways etc., will also be given appropriate
weightage and encouragement. Conversion of existing recreational
open spaces for other uses will be prevented.
Government shall insist on all developers including public
sector agencies to attach Environmental Impact Assessment
(E.I.A.) statements to all applications seeking approval
for major development projects. The Government shall issue
necessary guidelines in this regard.
Traffic Improvement and Management Schemes will be prepared
for the urban areas and implemented in a time bound manner.
Urban roads shall be developed in a phased manner. The existing
urban roads will be adequately rehabilitated making use
of the entire right-of-way, clearing encroachments on the
roads, providing end-to-end surfacing with shoulders, footpaths,
bus bays and parking lots. Land under the possession of
Government and the local bodies will be identified to provide
off-street parking places at appropriate locations.
Prohibition of encroachments on foot paths, bus bays, parking
lots and ensuring maintenance of road side drains, streetlights
and footpaths along that road stretch abutting the frontage
of a particular plot will be the responsibility of that
particular plot owner. This can be ensured through the urban
local body / NGO’s / Co-operatives / concerned departments
Maternity and Child Health Service Centres are to be brought
under the technical guidance and supervision of the Department
of Health Services. The feasibility for implementation of
the national programmes under the Department of Health Services
through Urban Local Bodies will be explored.
The state’s tourism potential still remains to be
tapped in full. To attract tourists, better infrastructure
including better habitats have to be developed. The Kerala
Municipality Building Rules will be further amended to avoid
any degree of arbitrariness in giving building permits and
making optimum use of land.
Land Zoning and new land developments will be viewed with
regard to urban drainage aspects and the required measures
will be strictly enforced. Urban drainage will be considered
as part of urban road development planning. Urban Drainage
expertise shall be developed in the state and required institutional
assistance for urban drainage shall be found. Private sector
participation will be explored in this area also.
Government shall give top priority to keep the cities and
towns clean. By the end of 2002 all major towns in the state
will establish scientifically designed solid waste management
system including improved methods of collection and transportation,
recycling etc. without causing environmental pollution.
Involvement of residents’ association in urban sanitation
projects will be considered favourably where ever feasible.
The urban local bodies shall be encouraged to constitute
statutory committees with public participation including
participation of NGOs for implementing and supervising urban
sanitation programmes. The Government shall encourage the
urban local bodies to explore the possibilities for bringing
in private sector participation in certain areas of solid
waste management and sanitation programmes.
Hygienic sanitary latrines for public use will be made compulsory
with eateries, hotels, restaurants, petrol pumps, supermarkets,
malls public buildings etc. Government will promote setting
up of underground sewerage system and liquid waste treatment
plants with private sector participation.
High density areas of Corporations and major Municipalities
will be given priority in setting up of under ground sewerage
system whereas provision of in site sanitation will be encouraged
in low income areas.
Public Crematoria shall be established in all Urban Local
Bodies, according to the felt need of the Public. Modern
slaughter houses will be established in all Urban Local
Bodies encouraging Private Sector participation.
The system of maintenance of accounts in urban local bodies
is outdated. Government visualise change over of the accounting
system as a priority area. . Chartered Accountants shall
be appointed in local bodies for handling accounting matters.
will give greater autonomy to Urban Local Bodies in the
fixation of taxes, rates, user charges etc removing chances
of misuse, arbitrariness etc. The Government will also impress
upon the urban local bodies to keep down the gap between
revenue and expenditure. Augmentation of Municipal finance
through floating of Municipal bonds will be considered.
Borrowing limit of the local bodies will be linked to their
revenue Ceiling limit will be imposed on loans taken by
ULBs from LIC, HUDCO, KUDFC etc. . Local bodies will be
made more accountable for their debt servicing which would
include attaining credit worthiness before borrowing from
the market. Government will actively involve in these areas
The increasing tendency in urban local bodies to divert
the earmarked funds to other schemes will be curtailed and
required legislations will be brought out to enforce financial
discipline among urban local bodies.
The Government proposes to rationalise property tax structure
in a simple way of calculation based on plinth area which
will also boost the income of local bodies considerably.
proposes to restructure the entertainment tax system so
as to make it easy to assess, easy to collect, difficult
to tamper with meanwhile financially beneficial to the local
Government will not exercise power for granting exemption
from the provisions of the Law, over the head of the urban
local bodies in an arbitrary manner.
Sector restructuring will be used effectively to generate
interest among external financial agencies / donor countries
to support the bold innovative and effective reform process
initiated in the state.
The thrift under the thrift and credit operations will be
raised . Kudumbasree will pursue the matter.
In addition to the funds received from the centrally sponsored
schemes, the urban local bodies will be persuaded to invest
in the urban poverty alleviation sector.
centrally sponsored scheme for slum development (NSDP) will
be implemented with vigorous zeal. Urban Local Bodies will
be encouraged to prepare projects for development of infrastructure
in the fields of industry, public works and tourism.
Kerala Slum Clearance Act, 1981, and the Kerala Development
Authority Rules will be reviewed. A Unified Town and Country
Planning Bill will be introduced in the Legislative Assembly.
Legislation on housing shall be revamped to protect the
interest of the investor / owner too. Registration Act,
1908 will be amended to effect the changing land policies
such as enforcement of TDR ,implementation of land reconstitution
schemes etc. Rent Control Act will be amended to revitalize
urban centres. Land Utilization Rules will be reviewed so
as to enable urban local bodies to permit development of
agricultural areas in a scientific manner. Adequate legislation
will be introduced to ensure and promote conservation of
heritage buildings , heritage precincts and natural heritage.
KMBR 1999 will be amended with due regard to optimal utilization
of land, relevant standards and norms, the settlement characteristics
of the State, encouragement of construction activity.
Wide publicity will be given on the legal provision regarding
right to information. The Government is committed to introduce
Information Technology in various sectors of Urban Local
Bodies and will be networked with headquarters at Secretariat
and Director’s level. E Governance will be introduced
in urban local bodies.
The present Directorate of Municipal Administration will
be converted into Directorate of Urban Affairs inducting
The Kerala Urban Development Finance Corporation will be
restructured and made a financial organization to cater
to the needs of the entire local government institutions
in the State.
An institute exclusively for catering to the needs of Urban
Sector will be set up. Regular training programmes will
be organised for elected representatives and officials to
equip them with the latest techniques to deal with urban
The Vigilance Cell will be strengthened so as to improve
enforcement and transparency
The Government shall make available modern technological
facilities and equipment to personnel engaged in Planning
and Development. Regular in-service training programs shall
be instituted for municipal personnel in planning, urban
administration, municipal finance and accounting, urban
engineering etc. The Government shall earmark funds in the
annual plans of the State for H.R.D. of planning personnel
LIST OF CORPORATIONS AND MUNICIPALITIES IN KERALA
||Year of constitution as Municipality
||Year of constitution as Corporation
02. Kochi 1866,
1912 & 1913 1967
[Fort Cochin, Mattancherry & Ernakulam]
05. Thrissur 1921
01. Neyyattinkara 1913
02. Nedumangad 1978
03. Attingal 1924
04. Varkala 1980
05. Paravoor(S) 1988
06. Punalur 1971
07. Pathanamthitta 1978
09. Adoor 1990
10. Alappuzha 1896
12. Cherthala 1952
13. Mavelikkara 1941
14. Chenganoor 1978
16. Changanassery 1921
18. Pala 1947
19. Thodupuzha 1978
20. Aluva 1968
21. Perumbavoor 1953
22. North Parur 1912
24. Thrippunithura 1978
26. Kothamangalam 1978
27. Kalamassery 1990
28. Kunnamkulam 1948
29. Irinjalakuda 1936
30. Chalakkudy 1970
32. Chavakkad 1978
33. Gurvayur 1961
34. Palakkad 1866
37. Ottappalam 1990
39. Thirur 1971
40. Manjeri 1978
41. Ponnani 1977
43. Koyilandi 1993
44. Kalpetta 1990
45. Kannur 1867
46. Thalassery 1866
48. Vadakara 1958
49. Payyannur 1990
51. Thaliparamba 1990
52. Kasaragod 1966
53. Kanhangad 1984
ANNEXURE IILIST OF DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITIES IN KERALA
1. Thiruvananthapuram Development Authority
2. Kollam Development Authority
3. Idukki Development Authority
4. Greater Cochin Development Authority
5. Trichur Urban Development Authority
6. Kozhikode Development Authority