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The major programmes being implemented by ANERT are the following –

1. Solar Photovoltaic Programme
2. Solar Thermal Energy Programme
3. Wind Energy Programme
4. Bio-energy Programme
5. Micro Hydel Programme
6. National Programme on Improved Chulha
7. Integrated Rural Energy Programme
8. Rural Technology Programme

Solar Photovoltaic Programme

         Solar Photovoltaic (SPV) energy generation and Solar Thermal applications are familiar to the people of Kerala. Even with the two rainy seasons, the state receives a good sunshine all over the region. The average solar insolation over the state is about 800-1000 Whr/m2 per day. This could be worked out as equivalent to 2.9x107 MW of power generation capacity/year (Less than half of it might be the most optimistic utilizable capacity). However the cost of energy storage and maintenance makes SPV applications expensive. Yet they are cost effective option for electrification of isolated hamlets and other remote areas.

        Solar home lighting systems (HLS) and stand alone solar power plants have been provided to 130 remote backward colonies under the first phase of SPV Village Electrification Programme during the 9th plan period, which altogether amounts to 241 kW installed capacity. The SPV Village Electrification Programme now completes its 2nd phase and till now about 19,000 backward houses are electrified under this programme. Another commendable achievement during the 9th plan period is the 25 kW grid interactive solar power plant installed atop Vaidyuthi Bhavan (KSEB HQ), Thiruvananthapuram. These installations added to the previous SPV installations (including lanterns) works out to approximately 1000 kW of installed capacity within the state from solar energy.

Solar Thermal Energy Programme

         Compared to SPV installations Solar thermal applications have an additional advantage of being economical at current fuel prices. Solar Water heaters (domestic and industrial), Solar crop dryers and solar cookers are propagated under this programme; of which, the Solar Water heaters have wide acceptance in Kerala as it could replace the use of electric geysers thereby helping to conserve significant quantity of electrical energy.

Wind Energy Programme

          Wind power has emerged as the most promising source among all other renewable energy sources for power generation and it is a viable and cost effective option for grid connected power generation. Thus ANERT had conducted detailed studies and resource assessments at 21 different locations in Kerala, with the assistance from Ministry of Non-conventional Energy Sources (MNES), Government of India. Out of 21 sites, 16 sites were found to have mean annual wind power density more than 150 watts/m2 (or the wind speed is above 15 km/hr) and so were identified as wind potential areas.

          The main windy areas in the State are the eastern mountainous regions of Idukki district along the border of Tamil Nadu and elevated areas in Palakkad gap. If land availability is assumed as 1% in these regions, an installable capacity of 890 MW and 1026 MW are estimated in 30 m level and 50 m level. The total technically feasible wind potential of the state is estimated as around 605 MW, assuming 20% grid penetration, limited to 16 potential locations in the districts Palakkad, Idukki and Thiruvananthapuram, where the wind power density is above 150 Watts/m2. However there is much higher potential for the direct mechanical application of wind energy i.e., for windmill pumping systems where the average wind speed required is about 10 km/hr only.
ANERT presently concentrates on time bound development of the full potential available at the most windy location of the state viz., Ramakkalmedu in Idukki District. Private investment is envisaged to be mobilized for the development of this site.

Bio-energy Programme

        The Bio energy projects are viewed as a solution to the waste disposal problem, which is drastically affecting environmental balances. The activities in this area comprises of biogas generation from organic waste from agriculture, animal husbandry and domestic sectors, and Power generation from Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) and Industrial Waste.
The total capacity of the Bio energy sector is estimated as 300 MW in the state. The achievement so far is only about 50kW only. The commendable achievement during the 9th plan period in this sector was the installation of 49 large size biogas plants under institutional, community and night soil based units. The total gas generated per annum is 2 lakhs cubic meter, which is equivalent to 0.35 million units of electricity.

Micro Hydel Programme

          Abundant small hydropower potential is available for the state of Kerala all throughout the Western ghat region. The technology of SHP generation is well proven and cost effective. The total SHP potential of the state is estimated as 500-1000 MW. In this sector ANERT concentrates on the development of very small range of SHP potential (less than 3 MW) usually termed as ‘Micro and Mini Hydel’. Such sites are especially suitable for stand-alone projects providing power to remote rural villages. ANERT assists and supports implementation of such projects being taken up by Local Self Government Institutions, rural communities and individuals.

National Programme on Improved Chulha

          National programme on improved chulhas aims to propagate chulhas of higher thermal efficiency and thereby reducing fire wood consumption. The thermal efficiency of conventional chulhas is about 10-15% only. Main losses are due to incomplete combustion of firewood and radiation from the spread out flame. These losses are minimized in improved chulhas by introducing better air circulation and flame routing. Such improved chulhas are available for domestic purpose as well as for community cooking purpose. Subsidy is made available for the beneficiaries of SC- ST and Below Poverty Line categories, installing such chulhas.

Integrated Rural Energy Programme

          The Integrated Rural Energy Programme envisages total planning of various energy sources available in the selected backward Block Panchayats of the State. At present there are 28 such project areas were ANERT has conducted detailed energy surveys (both domestic and industrial) and based on its evaluations, various measures to solve the energy crisis or backwardness in the region are being taken. This programme enables to find the actual needs of the area and to satisfy the needs (as far as possible) in the most environment friendly manner with the resources abundant in a particular area.

Rural Technology Programme

          ANERT visualizes Rural Technology development as an area complimentary to our activities in Renewable Energy development as the ultimate aim of both sectors are to improve the income generation capacity and living standards of rural population. So ANERT sponsors projects for the development and modification of tools for the improvement of productivity and removing drudgery especially among women as well as provides trainings on various technologies relevant to the rural areas. The training programmes were also organised under this scheme with an aim to enable the unemployed rural youth to set up production units by themselves and earn a livelihood. The wide acceptance received for the training programmes has proved that this approach is much relevant in the present social situation of increasing unemployment. All the programmes were organised with the help of a local voluntary organisations/ social welfare groups, so that the newly formed Self Help Groups could get necessary back up till they achieve self reliance. The trainings were given in the production of items having much need in the rural and sub-urban areas so that the marketing of the product may not be a bottleneck. Accordingly priority was given to training of production of Notebook, Umbrella, Soap, Agarbathi, Bamboo articles etc. The trainees were selected from the real needy sections of the society. During the current financial year approximately 300 youth were trained in 13 training programmes conducted in a span of 2 months at various centres. It also worth mentioning that about 80% of the trainees were women.



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for Public Relations Department, Govt. of Kerala.