Caste Development Programmes
The development Programmes are channelized in three ways
Upliftment Programmes Welfare Schemes
I. Educational Programmes
(1) Pre-primary education:- Financial assistance
is given through Local Self Governments. A nursery school
kid gets Rs. 5 per day for meals, RS 200 for uniform and
RS 50 as lumpsum grant. RS 2200/- is given to sent a kid
to a private nursery school where government schools are
(2) Pre-Matric Education:- For meeting school expenses
lumpsum grant is issued in the following scale:
From standard 1 to 3 RS 70/-
Standard 4 RS 75/-
Standard 5 RS 110/-
Standard 6 &7 RS 125/-
Standard 8,9 & 10 RS 175/-
(Failed students can avail 50% of the above amounts. Monthly
stipend is available to more disadvantaged candidates)
(3) Accommodation in private boarding schools:- The
pupils who stand out in their standard IV exams are eligible
for getting all the costs for this facility. This scheme
is implemented through district Panchayats, Municipalities
(4) Fee concession, lumpsum grant, monthly stipend
for higher education : This assistance is available for
post-SSLC studies. Lumpsum grant ranging from Rs. 245 to
RS 1100 is given to the students in accordance to the nature
of the course. The monthly stipend is Rs.215/- or RS 250-
The hostlers will get money for food and stay along with
(5) Reservation :- Government recognised Art &
Science Colleges offers 20% reserved seats for SC students.
The technical and professional institutions earmark 10%
of the seats. Annually about 50,000 students avail this
(6) Pre-Matric Hostels:- 97 hostels (57 for male
and 46 for female) including 2 sports hostels come under
the are department now controlled by Block Panchayats/ Municipalities/
Corporations. 10% of the accommodation is open for students
belonging to other communities.
(7) Subsidised hostels : Those students who sought
accommodation in the approved hostels run by voluntary organisations
are eligible to get a boarding grant of RS 250 per mensum
apart from uniform clothes.
(8) Post-Matric Hostels : 18 Hostels (5 for female
and 13 for male) are run by department. An occu-
pant will get monthly hostel expense of RS 600/- along with
a pocket-money of RS 50-65/-
The norm for accommodation is - 68% for SC, 17% for ST,
5% for Converted Christians, 10% for Other Forward Castes.
(9) Encouragement for performance in studies: The
students who register good performance in their examinations
are eligible to get a cash award specified as below:
SSLC RS 750/-
Plus Two, TTC, Polytechnic RS 1000/-
Degree RS 1500/-
PG/ Professional Course RS 2000/-
(10) Promotion & Training to Sportsmen: The SC
students who show unrelenting enthusiasm in sports are roped
into Thiruvananthapuram schools. They are given accommodation
in sports hostels and are trained with the assistance of
Sports Council of Kerala.
(11) Pre-Examination Training Centres: The centres
in Ernakulam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode impart short-term
training to job aspirants for appearing various competitive
examinations. The job aspirants will get a stipend of RS
400/- per month. Entrance coaching classes are also offered
by these centres.
(12) Special Coaching for Civil Service Examinations:
Institute for Civil Service Examination Training Society,
an autonomous institute, imparts special coaching for civil
service examinations. The trainees get RS 500/- as monthly
stipend whereas hostellers get RS 250/- as monthly pocket
money Those who get through preliminary exam will get a
free stay and coaching in a Delhi Institute.
(13) Book Bank: Financial Assistance is given to
purchase costly reference volumes to those institutes which
conducts professional courses.
(14) Money help for failed students: To those who
failed in their SSLC, Plus Two, Degree Courses financial
help is given to try their chances in tutorials.
(15) Temple-entry Proclamation Memorial Scholarship:
Scholarship is given to those SC/ST students who stand out
in their SSLC, Plus Two, Degree, Engineering, Medicine examinations.
(16) Chief Minister's Scholarship : 4 SSLC toppers
from SC students are given scholarship of RS 1000/- each
by the Chief Minister of Kerala.
(17) Awards to Rank-Winners : The SC students who
emerges first in the Medical/Engg. entrance list get a cash
award of RS 2501/- each.
(18) Dr. Ambedkar Memorial Medal & Cash Award
: Those who comes first in SC and ST category in the LLB
examinations get this medal along with a cash award of RS
(19) Model Residential Schools : Brilliant SC/ST students
are admitted in these schools (in Palakkad and Aluva) based
on an entrance test.
(20) Assistance for Parallel College Students : The
SC/ST students in parallel college get all the financial
assistance enjoyed by them in regular colleges.
(21) Self-financing/ Autonomous institutions : The
SC/ST students in these institutions get all high-rated
fee concessions and other assistance as well.
(22) Study abroad : The SC/ST students who opt to
study abroad get RS 1.5 lakh as interest free loan.
(23) ITCs & Production Training Centres : SC/ST
students are given training in 41 ITCs and in 3 production
(24) Kerala Kalamandalam : The SC/ST students in
this deemed university get all educational assistance as
given in other educational institutions
(25) Tourism & Travel Studies : The SC/ST candidates
aspiring to the course conducted by Kerala Institute of
Tourism and Travel Studies are eligible to get all financial
(26) Help to OBC : Students belonging to Other Backward
Communities are given fee concessions if they fall within
the prescribed income limit of RS 20000 for Plus Two and
RS 25,000 for Degree Course.
(27) Assistance to the Socially and Educationally
Backward : As per Kumara Pillai Commission Report all students
with a family income limit of 36,000/- are eligible to get
fee concessions in PG or professional studies.
(28) Hostel Complex : A hostel complex housing 150
female students is open in Thiruvananthapuram
(29) Tutorial help : A scheme is being implemented
to extend tutorial help to SC/ST students in selected centres
aiming improved academic performance.
(30) Vocational Training in Private Institutes :
The SC/ST youths who undergo training in private institutes
are given all kinds of assistance.
(31) Courses in other States : SC/ST students who
obtain admission in much -sought after courses in other
states are given educational assistance.
(32) Assistance for D. Pharm, MF.Sc and the Courses
conducted by Hyderabad National Institute of Agricultural
Extension Management : All educational assistance is given
to SC/ST students opting for above courses.
II. Economic Development Programmes
(1) Assistance for Small-Scale Industry : 20% of
the total project cost with a ceiling of Rs. 50,000/- is
sanctioned to new SSIs.
(2) Help for Entrepreneurs : For starting new SSIs
or improving existing ones, the SC men are given an interest
free loan of 20% of the project outlay with a ceiling of
(3) Help to Lawyers : The new lawyers are given all
financial assistance to apprenticeship and enrolment. The
help includes monthly stipend, cost of books, dress and
(4) Exhibition- cum- Sale Melas : For popularising
products from SC/ST units exhibition-cum-sale melas are
Training for Better Job : The SC candidates who get the
All India Apprenticeship Trade Test are eligible to get
RS 770/- per month for undergoing additional apprenticeship
for a year. Similarly the candidates who get the ITC/ITI
will get RS 500/- monthly for undergoing a one year apprenticeship.
(6) Rehabilitation of the Unemployed : Colonization
Scheme is implemented in Thonnakkal in Thiruvananthapuram,
Jawahar Colony in Malappuram, Karikkattoor Colony in Kottayam,
Kadakkamon Colony in Kollam, Maniannadam Colony in Ernakulam.
In the scheme the rehabilitated families got 1 acre to 2.5
acre of land for cultivation and for living as well as various
steps for the economic betterment.
III. Social Upliftment Programmes and Welfare Steps
(1) Social Security : For ensuring the constitutional
rights of the SC/ST people various rules were enacted. The
Civil Rights Protection Act, 1955 is the most important
among this. This enactment envisages all kinds of protection
to the disadvantaged communities. In 1989 the parliament
passed another law aiming to prevent atrocities on SC/ST
(2) Seminars & Discussions: Discussions, Seminars,
Awareness Camps and Medical Camps are being conducted participating
SC/ST students, social workers and other members of the
(3) Financial Assistance to Inter-Caste-Marriage : In order
to balm the ostracism suffered by new couple in inter-caste
marriage a sum of RS 10,000/- is given to them with in 3
years of wedding.
(4) Travel Allowance : TA is given to SC candidates
who appears for interview/ written tests conducted by PSC
or Employment Exchanges.
(5) Rehabilitation of Landless Homeless : To the
landless and homeless RS 50.000/- is given as grant to purchase
2 or 3 cents of land and to put up a home as designated
by the Department.
(6) Grant for House Construction : A grant of RS
35, 000/- is given to those who all below BPL and Possess
4 or 3 cents of land to construct home and the scheme is
implemented through Local Self Governments.
(7) Interest-free Housing Loan : The person with
an annual income of RS 25,000/- and possesses 4 cents of
land can avail an interest free loan upto RS 50,000/-. Other
slabs of loan are : RS 15,000 loan for an annual income
limit of 7,500/- and RS 25,000 loan for an annual income
limit of Rs.15,000-
(8) Help to renew coconut leaf ceilings : Upto RS
500/- is given through Local Self Governments to renew coconut
leaf ceiling of the houses of poor SC people.
(9) Help to roof with tiles : For SC people who comes
below BPL are eligible to get a financial assistance of
RS 2,500/- for tile roofing the houses owned by them. This
scheme is implemented through Local Self Governments.
(10) Aid for wedding : The SC ladies will get a financial
help of RS 5000/- for their wedding, if their annual family
income is below RS 12,000/-. For a family wedding aid is
available only for two daughters.
(11) Aid for treatment : For people belonging to
SC who fall below a family income of RS 12000/- financial
assistance is given to treat their prolonged illness. Application
should be submitted on the strength of medical certificates.
The scheme is implemented through Local Self Governments.
(12) Housing Scheme for uplifting poorer among the
poor : The poorer among the people belonging to SC like
Nayadi, Vedan, Mavilan, Karimbalan and Vettuvan, if they
are landless and homeless, will get RS 60,000/- for purchasing
5 cents of land and putting up a home on. This scheme also
is implemented through Local Self Governments.
(13) Rehabilitation of Puramboke dwellers : The Puramboke
dwellers belonging to SC are being rehabilitated by giving
RS 50,000/- each.
(14) Minister's Relief Fund : When the breadwinner
of a SC family dies, or a member of the family requires
prolonged treatment for acute illness or the family falls
prey to fire accidents or natural calamities, the family
can seek urgent financial help from this relief fund. The
assistance ranges from RS 1000/- to RS 25,000/-
(15) Assistance for house maintenance : For maintenance
work of houses existing for 5 years RS 10,000/- will be
given on submission of application accompanied by maintenance
estimate prepared by civil engineers.
(16) Comprehensive Housing Scheme : The homeless
but landowned people belonging to SC are being given RS
35,000/- for putting up a home. During 99-2000 this scheme
was implemented through out the state.
(17) Folklore Mela : Folklore melas are conducted
annually with a view of preserving the ancient art forms
with its original beauty and colourfulness. The SC/ST art
forums participate in these melas with great enthusiasm.
(18) Literary Workshop : For upbringing literary
talents in SC/ST category ,literary workshop is organised
annually. Eminent poets, scholars and writers participate
in this, stimulating literary values in youngsters.
(19) Assistance for publishing books : The chosen
books from writers belonging to SC/ST category are being
published with a financial assistance to the maximum of
RS 20,000/- and distributed through Sahitya Pravarthaka
(20) Bharata Darshan/ South Indian Tour : For educating
students these tour programmes are being conducted. Bharat
Darshan is for boys and South Indian Tour is for girls.
Students who make it in their examinations are eligible
for the selection to this programme.
(21) Temple- Entry Proclamation Day Celebrations
: On 27th day of Thulam in Malayalam Calendar the celebration
is being organised. The chosen social workers, excellent
students, selected teachers and hostel wardens are given
cash awards on the day. Arts competitions for SC students
are also conducted and prizes given on the day.
(22) People Planning : Several Welfare measures are
being implemented as Special Component Plans in people's
planning. for implementing Special Component Plans the Local
Self Governments will constitute a working committee mostly
consisting of SC members.