Services through ICDS
Services through Institutions
Services through Grant-in-aid
Adolescence is the most crucial period
in a persons life. Adolescent girls go through a turbulent
phase at this time due to rapid physical growth accompanied
by mental, emotional and physiological changes. Gender
inequalities give adolescent girls less social exposure and
less opportunity. Moreover, adolescent girls are future
mothers and investing in their welfare is crucial in
promoting maternal and child health. During adolescence,
girls need proper nutrition, care and guidance. They also
need, exposure to more opportunities and ways of improving
their self-esteem and decision making capabilities.
To address the above mentioned needs
of the adolescent girls, adolescent girls clubs were formed
in every anganwadi in the ICDS network. Effort was made to
ensure all adolescent girls become members of the club.
These clubs meet at least once month. The clubs have
elected leaders like president and secretaries.
Government of India have accorded
sanction for the implementation of “Kishori Shakthi Yojana”
(KSY in all the 163 ICDS blocks in the State as over letter
No. 9-16/2005/KSY dated 18th Aug 2005. KSY is a
100% centrally sponsored scheme meant for the development of
Adolescent Girls. A sum of Rs. 1.10 lakh is sanctioned for
each project for the implementation of KSY.
i). Supplementary Nutrition (SNP)
Currently 15 % of adolescent girls
weigh less than 45 Kgs. Supplementary nutrition is given to
all underweight girls through the anganwadies. Currently
the expenses of such nutrition is financed by the LSG’s.
Government of India has agreed to bear 50% of the expenses
ii) Growth monitoring:-
Anemia, lack of adequate height/weight
are factors which can bad to complication in future. Close
monitoring is necessary to make the girls aware of their
health status. Health cards (BMI charts) can be used to
monitor health status. Action is being taken to print
adolescent girls health card and issued to each girls.
iii) Iron and Folic Acid Deforming
To eliminate anemia it is necessary to
provide IFA tablets to adolescent girls at least 100 days a
year. Deworming tablets are to be given twice a year.
b) Health, Nutrition and Family
i) Monthly meetings:-
Various topics related to reproductive
health, personal hygiene, nutrition, child -care etc will be
dealt with each month during the AG club meeting. Health
staff, ICDS functionaries, experts the field of nutrition
etc will handle these classes. Yoga, Self-defense etc will
also be taught.
ii) Charter meetings:
Topics like reproductive health,
pregnancy, child birth, contraceptive, STDS, HIV/AIDs etc.
will be handled by experts. Panchayat level meeting will
be held once in 3 months (for such meetings in a year)
iii) Module for Health, Nutrition &
Family Life education
A compact module need to be prepared
for health, nutrition, life skill and family life education
of adolescent girls. This is to be done with the help of
experts in the field.
iv) Teenage clinics:
A half day clinic exclusively for
adolescent girls is to be arranged in the nearest PHC in
association with the cluster meeting. The services of a
female gynecologist and a counselor is to be made available
for girls in need of their services.
c) Leadership training for
leaders of AG club:
Leadership training is being given to
the presidents and secretaries of each AG club.
d) Career guidance:
Studies show that very few girls
in lower socio-economic strata pursue higher education.
More often they get married and remain as lower winners.
Proper career guidance at an early stage easy help to change
this situation girls will be more aware of the available
career option and will hence have more choices.
e) Providing sports kits
Adolescent girls have very few opportunities to get involved
in sports activities sports equipments are usually used by
boys in most schools. Providing sports kits to AG clubs
will not only improve their physical health but will also
ultimate team spirit and improve social skills. Each sports
kits and improve social skills Each sports kits will contain
a ladies bicycle, badminton net, carrum board etc.
Mission was launched with an objective of reduction in mal
nutrition elimination micro nutrient deficiency and
reduction in chronic energy deficiency by providing
subsidised food. In Kerala Palakkadu and Malappuram
districts were selected. Food grains are supplied to
pregnant and lactating women with weight less than 40 Kg and
adolescent with weight less than 35 Kg.
Reduce malnutrition among pregnant
and lactating women and adolescent girls.
To eliminate micro nutrient
deficiency among pregnant and lactating women and
To reduce chronic energy deficiency
by providing subsidised food.
The Prime Minister in his speech on 15th August
2001 has announced that a National Nutrition Mission would
be launched and subsidize food grains would be made
available to adolescent girls and expectant and nursing
mothers belonging to below poverty line families. Under the
pilot project 51 districts in the country has been selected.
As special additional central assistance for the
implementation of the pilot project. The guidelines for the
implementation of the pilot project is given below.
Weighing and identification of under
nourished, adolescent girls and pregnant and lactating
mothers in the community 4 times a year and monitoring
their nutritional status.
Distribution of 6 kgs of food grains
( Wheat/Rice, based on local habitual consumption pattern
in the State) to identified and under nourished persons.
Training of AWW in adult weighing
and health and nutrition education
Training of Supervisors and CDPOs in
health and nutrition education.
Nutrition Education of targeted
beneficiaries and their families by AWW, Supervisors and
Health education and health check up
of targeted beneficiaries and their families by ANM
IEC activities and
Miscellaneous activities in
conjugation with above activities
Nutrition Programme for Adolescent Girls (NPAG)
Nutrition Programme for adolescent
girls (NPAG) is another scheme approved by the government of
India. The programme has to be following objectives.
Improved nutritional and health status of girls.
stimulate desire for social exposure and knowledge to
improve their decision making capabilities.
Train and equip the adolescent girls to upgrade home based
and vocational skills.
Promote health hygiene, nutrition, family welfare, home
management and child -care and to facilitate marriage only
after the age of 18 years.
These different programmes are meant
for adolescent girls need to be integrated into a single
programme which meets all the needs of adolescent girls.
To improve the nutritional and
health status of girls in the age group of 11-18 years.
To ensure proper social and
emotional development,. Gender re-nutrition etc for every
adolescent girl so as to lead to proper personality
development and active social life.
To train and equip adolescent girl
to improve life skills and decision making capabilities.
To promote awareness of health,
hygiene, nutrition, family welfare, home management,
childcare and to help them make intelligent decision
regarding marriage, pregnancy and related issues.
To give career guidance, reduce
school drop outs and encourage acquiring of income
generation skills leading to independent life.
To monitor nutritional status of
adolescent girls and ensure timely intervention whenever
To promote mental health among
To facilitate peer group interaction
and improve social skills.
The beneficiaries are the girls in the
age group of 11-18.
Adolescent girls clubs are formed at
all anganwadies in 163 ICDS projects in the State. The
programme in the current proposal will activate and
strengthen the A.G. clubs. The services are planned so as
to react directly to the targeted beneficiaries at the
community level utilizing the existing ICDS network. The
programme will be implemented with the active involvement of
Integrated Women Empowerment Programme (IWEP) or
The Indira Mahila Yojana (IMY) has been recast
into an integrated programme for women's empowerment, namely
Integrated Women's Empowerment Programme (IWEP), the long
term objective being the all round empowerment of women,
especially socially and economically, by ensuring their
direct access to, and control over, resources through a
sustained process of mobilisation and convergence of all the
ongoing sectoral programmes. The immediate objectives are
establishment of S.H.Gs, creation of confidence and
awareness among members of SHGs regarding women's status,
health, nutrition, education, sanitation and hygiene, legal
rights, economic upliftment and other social, economic and
political issues, strengthening saving habits, improving
access of women to micro credit, involvement of women in
local level planning and convergence of services of DWCD and
Swayamsidha isa 100%
CSS integrated women empowerment programme implemented in 18
blocks in the state. The objective of the Programme being
the all round empowerment of women especially socially and
economically by ensuring their direct access to and control
over resources through a sustained process of mobilization
and converge of all the ongoing sect oral Programmes.
Economic as well as social
empowerment of women by group stabilization.
Training and awareness programmes
for various women issues.
DETAILS OF FUND RELEASED
DETAILS OF EXPENDITURE
Present stage of implementation
As per the scheme,
three phases of implementation has been envisaged
Phases I formation of self help groups
Phases II groups stabilization and
Phases III sustainability and self
It is proposed to include coastal ICDS
blocks and existing blocks for this scheme and provide
sufficient funds to sustain the achievements attained so far
and provide financial support for Economic Empowerment of
Women on coastal belt. It is assume that Govt. of India
will provide financial support to this scheme.
In Kerala the programe is being implemented by Social
Welfare Department in the following 18 ICDS Blocks.
TAKE HOME RATION SCHEME (THRS)
As per G.O (MS) 54/2004/SWD
dt. 30.7.04 Government have approved Take Home Ration
Strategy scheme for giving Supplementary Nutrition to
children below 3 years belonging to BPL families as per PMGY.
Initially the programme was ordered to be implemented on a
pilot basis in 6 I.C.D.S. Projects. Now the programme has
been extended to 163 ICDS blocks. Supplementary food –
soild food mix consisting of roasted, ground, cereal (rice,
wheat, rawa, ragi. etc.) pulses oil seeds and sugar (i)
fortified with micronutrient, specially vitamin-A,
B-complex, Iron and Zinc (ii) low in bulk (consistency) and
(III) high in nutrient density will be provided in powdered
and dry form, properly packaged in good quality low density
poly ethylene (LDPE) pouch of good gauge has to be provided
in 1 kg packets that can be conveniently taken home,
preserved and administered to the child according to the
requirement 2-3 times a day. The health and growth
parameters of the child is to be measured once in two weeks
at the Anganwadi Centre using the Health Cards.
The constituents of the food mix
selected in consultation with the Central Food and Nutrition
Board will be as follows
Cereals (rice/wheat/rawa/ ragi etc)
Pulses (green gram, Benagal gram etc)
Ground nut etc
The above rood mix will
contain 370 kg calories energy, 13.9gms of protein and other
Random quality control check
up to the THRS packets will be done using the services of
Government Analytical Labs.
Supervision of the programme
will be done (a) at the District level by the District
Social Welfare Officer/ Programme Officer (b) at the Project
level by the Child Development Project Officer / Assistant
Child Development Project Officer and (c) at the Sector
level by the ICDS Supervisor.
The expenditure involved will
be met from the grant given to Local Bodies and from the ACA
received from Government of India.
The project ‘UDISHA’- the national initiative for quality
improvement in training of childcare workers is fundamental
to achieve improvement in the quality of early childhood
care and development. The project envisages a key
transformation in approaches to the training of ICDS
functionaries. Improved worker training has been recognized
as crucial to the success of the ICDS programme. It also
focuses on quality improvement and recognizes merits,
rewards and incentives. This training aims that the ICDS
functionaries would be trained in a manner that they would
develop themselves into agents of social changes instead of
simply reacting to the situation .Under UDISHA training
programme the provision is not only to trace ICDS
functionaries but also community leaders, mothers and
personals in the line department. At present in Kerala 15
Anganwadi training centers and one MLTC is functioning.
In order to achieve quality of early
child hood care and development, GOI has introduced the
project UDISHA, the scheme envisages training of ICDS
functionaries in such a manner that they would develop
themselves in to agents of social change.
a) Job training to ICDS
b Procurement and
distribution of training and IEC materials to
c) Training to mothers of
grade .I to –grade IV children
Apart from this the State Kerala has constituted a
Welfare Fund known as “Anganwadi Workers and helpers Welfare
Fund” where in Anganwadi Workers can contribute Rs.30/- per
month and helper Rs.15/- per month. At present the
contribution of State Govt. is only 100%. Other facilities
provided to them is Employment opportunity to
dye-in-hardness, regularisation of temporary hands for put
in more than 2 years continuous or interrupted service,
Maternity Leave(two time) Abortion Leave (one time), Causal
leave for 20 days, leave upto 3 years on lose of pay seeking
employment opportunities in abroad, availing loan facilities
from Welfare Fund for education of children, their marriage,
for construction of building and for treatment of children,
festival allowance etc. are provided to them.
Anganwadi Building Construction
One of the challenges of ICDS in Kerala is poor
infra structure. This include poorly conducted buildings
with improper ventilation and inadequate space, unhygienic
surroundings , inadequate toilets and inadequate drinking
Women above 13 years shall be
admitted (widows,deserted women, divorced women& destitute
women who have nobody to look after). Children coming with
mothers are allowed to stay with them up to the age of 6
years. After that they will be admitted in some other
welfare institution for children and will be provided
protection and education.
There is one such Institution in every District
except at Idukki and Wayanad with a capacity of 25 inmates.
Those seeking admission shall apply in a white paper showing
the reason for getting admission directly to the
Superintendent of the Institution. Women shall also be
admitted with a recommendation letter of District Probation
There are institutions meant for the care and protection of
mentally cured patients having nobody to look after. Those
seeking admission should produce a certificate from a
Medical Officer. There are 3 such institutions.
Asha Bhavan at Thiruvananthapuram and Kozhikkode shall
accommodate women above the age of 13 years and Asha Bhavan
at Thrissur shall admit men above 15 years.
Those who are seeking admission shall submit a certificate
from the Medical Officer showing that they are mentally
cured patients. Those who are released from an institution
should produce a certificate or recommendation letter from
the head of the institution.
Rescue Homes are maintained to provide care and
protection to women who are indulged in immoral traffic and
women are prone to moral danger and provide rehabilitation
to bring them to the main stream of society.
Persons eligible for admission
Women arrested under Immoral Traffic Prevention Act.
Those who are rescued from moral danger by the Police or a
person coming with a recommendation letter of an agency
registered under societies Registration Act.
Women who come for admission voluntarily who are under fear
of moral danger
Women in the first category are admitted in Rescue Homes,
which are declared as Protective Homes.
These institutions are meant for those women
released from the correctional institutions under Social
Welfare Department such as Balamandir, Poor Home, other
Rescue Homes, Orphanages etc. Girls between the age of 14
years and 21 years are eligible for admission.
There are two such institutions one at
Kozhikkode and other at Kollam with a capacity of 100
All expenses for the maintenance of the inmates
shall be met by the Government. The inmates shall continue
their education or shall trained in any vocation aimed at
their early rehabilitation.
Those who seek admission shall produce a
recommendation letter from the Superintendent of the
Institution from where they were released or a
recommendation letter from District Probation Officer.
Application should be given to the Superintendent of the
These institutions are maintained for the
temporary shelter and rehabilitation of women and girls who
have no social support system due to broken families, mental
strains, social ostracism, exploitation or those who are
under the fear of moral danger. The women can be admitted
voluntarily. In the institution they can continue their
education or can engage in vocational training for their
earlier rehabilitation. They shall be released with their
relatives or removed to some other institutions if longer
stay is needed. There is one Short Stay Home at Kozhikkode.
For getting sanction to new homes proposal in
the prescribed format should be submitted through the State
Government with their recommendations.
institutions are meant for Women 13 years and above who have
family problems. Three such institution are function under
SERVICES THROUGH GRANT-IN-AID SCHEMES
A scheme for Women in Difficult Circumstances
Although Indian family as a social institution is well known
for the emotional and physical support that it provides to
its extended members, many a time it fails to respond to the
needs of women, specially for women in difficult
circumstance like widows, destitute and deserted women,
women ex-prisoners, victims of sexual abuse and crimes,
including those trafficked and rescued from brothels,
migrant or refugee women who have been rendered homeless due
to natural calamities like flood, cyclone, earthquake,
mentally challenged women, women victims of terrorist
violence etc. Often the support of immediate or extended
family are not available due to reasons ranging from
economic instability of the family to provide such support
to the breakdown of joint family system to the social bias
against the marginalized women as also the attitude and
value attached to such women. Sometimes society itself
drives such women out of the system to lead lives of sub
human existence. More often vulnerable women in distress end
up as beggars or prostitutes for their own survival and at
times for survivals and maintenance of their dependent
Very limited State intervention available through old age
home, short stay home, Nari Niketan etc, cover only a fringe
of the problems of such women. Therefore a scheme known as
‘Swadhar’ has been designed with a more flexible and
innovative approach to cater to the requirement of various
types of women in distress in diverse situations under
different conditions. The Swadhar Scheme purports to
address the specific vulnerability of each of group of women
in difficult circumstances through a Home-based holistic and
Flagship Programme for Gender Awareness
total literacy, Little effort has been made to direct
literacy towards building up a gender sensitive social
environment challenging the survival of feudal- patriarchal
attitudes and institutions, which perpetuate violence
against women in the state. A sustained campaign,
sensitizing the household and the public domain while at
the same time creating awareness in ways that would enable
young girls and women to use the provisions of the law to
defend themselves against acts of violence and seek remedial
measures, is urgently required given the rising incidence of
Domestic Violence, Sexual harassment and Dowry demands. This
programme aims at over coming gender based discriminations
through several measures whose collective impact should be
significant. To implement the programme, starting with
implementing the provisions to be made for initiating action
on the protection of women from Domestic violence Act, 2005,
Rs.500 Lakh is provided for 2007-08
Since there is no
separate department as of now to which the funds can be
allocated, it is distributed in the following way Rs.500
Lakhs under Social Welfare Department of which Rs. 125 Lakhs
is allocated to Kerala State Women Development Corporation
and Rs.50.00 Lakhs to Kerala Womens Commission ; Rs. 15
Lakhs to Kudumbashree and Rs.25 Lakhs to State Women Cell
in the police department. In view of the fact that the
project involves a number of agencies, the State Planning
Board will co-ordinate the project preparation.
Flagship programme for
gender awareness proposed to be implemented during the
Media campaign for gender sensitisation
Additional facilities for shelter homes,
Training to Judicial officer, Public
Prosecutors, DYSP’s/CI’s, Station Head officers
Training to protection officers, Counselors,
Shelter home managers, Medical Officer, Clinical
Psychologist, Training to women organizations and Political
Government has introduced a new scheme as Flagship programme
on Finishing School for women. This Scheme proposes to equip
women job seekers to upgrade their skill through ordinal
training so as to make them employable. The un employment
rate among the youth in Kerala is exceedingly high and this
is particularly true among young females. It was 45.8
percent in rural areas ( as against 32.3 percent for young
males) and 50.4 percent in urban areas ( as against 26.6
percent young males). On 3,987,035 registered job seekers as
on September 2006, on the live register of employment
exchanges in Kerala; 58 percent are females. Kerala appears
to be caught up in a “high literacy- low skill” trap. A
number of women job seekers are forced to take up employment
in vocations with very low skills in the service sector.
These jobs are extremely low paid, insecure, unstable,
informal sector jobs and account for the large , bloated
service sector in Kerala. In this context, this flagship
program on finishing schools proposes to equip women job
seekers to upgrade their skills through additional training
so as to make them “employable “. For this purpose, the
services of a number of institutions like I T I’s,
Engineering colleges, I I T’s, public and private industries
etc.. would be used. The Social Welfare Department and the
Kerala State Women’s Development Corporation would
co-ordinate in implementing the program. An outlay of Rs.200
lakh is provided for the Annual Plan 2007-08. The Outlay for
2007-08 is derived from the flagship allotment of Rs.13
Crores given to Labour and Labour Welfare.
The following schemes
are proposed to be implemented during the current year.
Flagship Programme on finishing school for
Engineering graduates and ITI and other skill holders
Support to distressed educated equip them to
seek employment in government sector.
Finishing School for inmates in
Mahilamandiram and former inmates of welfare institution,
Domestic Violence Act
commission or conduct of a person that causes; harm, injury
or endanger the health, saf4ety, life limb or well being,
whether metal or physical of any women or her children in a
domestic relationship and includes Sexual, Physical,
Verbal, Emotional and Sexual Abuse.
The protection of Women from Domestic
Violence Act. 2005 has been notified by the Central
Government and has come into force with effect from October
26, 2006. the Act is basically meant to provide protection
to the wife or female live in partner from violence at the
hands of the husband of male live-in-partner or his
relatives. Domestic violence under the Act includes actual
abuse or the threat of abuse, whether physical sexual,
verbal emotional or economic. Harassment by way of unlawful
dowry demands to the women victim, or her relatives would
also be covered under the definition of domestic violence.
Role and function of the Central/State Government
under the Act has been specified in section 11 of the Act.
They are as follows.
To give wide publicity through
public media including TV, radio & print media at regular
Periodic sensitization & awareness
training on the issues addressed by the Act to the officer
including the Police Officers & members of Judicial
Effective co-ordination between
concerned Minister & Departments.
Publication of protocol for various
agencies concerned with the delivery of services.
Only a woman can file a complaint of Domestic Violence
under the Act.
Complaint can be made against any
adult male person or his relation (also women) who have
been in a domestic relationship with aggrieved women for
example husband or male partner or mother-in-law.
Whom to Complain?
How to Complain?
Over telephone to the Protection
Written Complaint to Protection
Officer, Police Officer, Service Provider, Magistrate
How can you comaplin?
When the incident of domestic violence
When the incident of domestic violence
When there is a probability that it
Any one who has the knowledge
of the violence happening can give complaint/ information
Dowry Prohibition ACT
As per the GO (P) No. 47/2004/SWD, dated 07-07-04 Govt. has
amended The Kerala Dowry prohibition Act of 1961 by
suppressing the existing Kerala Dowry Prohibition Rules
1992. A dowry prohibition rule has been framed
incorporating some of the long standing demands of the
National women’s commission. Under the amended Rules 3
Regional Dowry Prohibition Officers were posted with
independent charge .The Director of Social Welfare is the
Chief Dowry Prohibition Officer, to whom the RDPO will
The compliance regarding dowry may be filed
by the party herself, the parent or a relative ,or any
recognized welfare Institution / Organiasation. The RDPO
should enquire the petition and record within a month .His
approach shall be primarily preventive and remedial.
Prosecution may be resorted to only if the parties involved
do not comply with his orders with in the stipulated time.
The new Rule also stipulate that any compliant regarding the
non transfer of dowry to the women who is entitled will also
be looked into .All State Govt. employees getting married
will hence forth be required to furnish a declaration to the
head of the department after marriage, that he had not
accepted any dowry. The declaration should have to be signed
by wife, father and father –in-law. As per Govt
notification, filing the declaration is mandatory and has
come in to effect as apart of Dowry Prohibition Act.
To create awareness among the public by
organizing camps publicity through information and
broadcasting Dept, LSG and other media against dowry and
involve local people for prevention of dowry.
Conduct supervision checks and direct enquiry
to ascertain whether there has been any violation of the
provision of the Act/ rules.
Accept complaints for any offence under the
Act from the party or person aggrieved or any other persons
Maintain registers to record all complaints,
enquiries and result thereof and other relevant information.
Act as member secretary of the Advisory
Mode of implementation
The RDPO will maintain a register for the
purpose of this Act, to record all compliance, enquiries and
result thereof and other relevant information in this
regard. Being the member secretary ,it is his duty to
convene the meeting of the Advisory board and he shall
maintain regular contact with the members of the Advisory
Board for necessary advice and assistance from them He has
also to discharge his duty with due care, decorum, privacy
and in a manner to uphold the dignity and harmony of family
relationship .Every year one specified day would be observed
as ‘Dowry Prohibition Day’ and pledge would be administered
to students in schools and colleges that they shall not give
or receive dowry. The Dowry prohibition officer shall be
responsible for creating awareness to prevent dowry system
and with a view to uproot the evil of dowry system.
As per G.O (R t)No.309/04/SWD dated 12-07-04, Regional dowry
prohibition officers were appointed with Independent charge
in 3 Regions of Trivandrum ,Ernakulam and Kozhikode. The
jurisdiction extends to minimum 4 districts and they have to
attend all districts to receive individual complaints and to
conduct sittings .At the present set up each petitioner will
attend in the Regional offices for filing their grievances
and also in hearing. One of the important duties of the RDPO
is to keep all presents submitted by the petitioners
received at the time of marriage. These valuable materials
are to be kept under the safe custody of the RDPO till the
disposal of the petition .Moreover RDPO shall conduct
sensitization programmes and create general awareness to the
public through the LSG. This type of sensitizing programme
should be conducted in panchayath,block and district levels