Women

 

Services through ICDS

Services through Institutions

Services through Grant-in-aid schemes

 Other Services


 

Adolescence is the most crucial period in a persons life.  Adolescent girls go through a turbulent phase at this time due to rapid physical growth accompanied by mental, emotional and physiological changes.  Gender inequalities give adolescent girls less social exposure and less opportunity.  Moreover, adolescent girls are future mothers and investing in their welfare is crucial in promoting maternal and child health.  During adolescence, girls need proper nutrition, care and guidance.  They also need, exposure to more opportunities and ways of improving their self-esteem and decision making capabilities.       

To address the above mentioned needs of the adolescent girls, adolescent girls clubs were formed in every anganwadi in the ICDS network.  Effort was made to ensure  all adolescent girls become members of the club.  These clubs meet at least once month.  The clubs have elected leaders like president  and secretaries.

Government of India have accorded sanction for the implementation of “Kishori Shakthi Yojana” (KSY in all the 163 ICDS blocks in the State as over letter No. 9-16/2005/KSY dated 18th Aug 2005. KSY is a 100% centrally sponsored scheme meant for the development of Adolescent Girls.  A sum of Rs. 1.10 lakh is sanctioned for each project for the implementation of KSY.

Activities

a) Nutrition

i).  Supplementary Nutrition (SNP)

Currently 15 % of adolescent girls weigh less than 45 Kgs.  Supplementary nutrition is given to all underweight girls through the anganwadies.  Currently the expenses of such nutrition is financed by the LSG’s.  Government of India has agreed to bear 50% of the expenses for SNP.

ii) Growth monitoring:-

Anemia, lack of adequate height/weight are factors which can bad to complication in future.  Close monitoring is necessary to make the girls aware of their health status.  Health cards (BMI charts) can be used to monitor health status.  Action is being taken to print adolescent girls health card and issued to each girls.

iii) Iron and Folic Acid  Deforming tables:

To eliminate anemia it is necessary to provide IFA tablets to adolescent girls at least 100 days a year.  Deworming tablets are to be given twice a year.

b) Health, Nutrition and Family life education

i)   Monthly meetings:-

Various topics related to reproductive health, personal hygiene, nutrition, child -care etc will be dealt with each month during the AG club meeting.  Health staff, ICDS functionaries, experts the field of nutrition etc will handle these classes.  Yoga, Self-defense etc will also be taught.

ii)  Charter meetings:

Topics like reproductive health, pregnancy, child birth, contraceptive, STDS, HIV/AIDs etc. will be handled by experts.  Panchayat level meeting will  be held once in 3 months (for such meetings in a year)

iii)  Module for Health, Nutrition & Family Life education

A compact module need to be prepared for health, nutrition,  life skill and family life education of adolescent girls.  This is to be done with the help of  experts in the field. 

iv) Teenage clinics:

A half day clinic exclusively for adolescent girls is to be arranged in the nearest PHC in association with the cluster meeting.  The services of a female gynecologist and a counselor is  to be made available for girls in need of their services.

c)   Leadership training for leaders of AG club:

Leadership training is being given to the presidents and secretaries of each AG club. 

d)   Career guidance:

      Studies show that very few girls in lower socio-economic strata pursue higher education.  More often they get married and remain as lower winners.  Proper career guidance at an early stage easy help to change this situation girls will be more aware of the available career option and will hence have more choices.

e)    Providing sports kits

        Adolescent girls have very few opportunities to get involved in sports activities sports equipments are usually used by boys in most schools.  Providing sports kits to AG clubs will not only improve their physical health but will also ultimate team spirit and improve social skills.  Each sports kits and improve social skills Each sports kits will contain a ladies bicycle, badminton net, carrum board etc.

 

                National Nutrition Mission was launched with an objective of reduction in mal nutrition elimination micro nutrient deficiency and reduction in chronic energy deficiency by providing subsidised food. In Kerala Palakkadu and Malappuram districts were selected. Food grains are supplied to pregnant and lactating women with weight less than 40 Kg and adolescent with weight less than 35 Kg.

  • Reduce malnutrition among pregnant and lactating women and adolescent girls.

  • To eliminate micro nutrient deficiency among pregnant and lactating women and adolescent girls

  • To reduce chronic energy deficiency by providing subsidised food.

            The Prime Minister in his speech on 15th August 2001 has announced that a National Nutrition Mission would be launched and subsidize food grains would be made available to adolescent girls and expectant and nursing mothers belonging to below poverty line families. Under the pilot project 51 districts in the country has been selected. As special additional central assistance for the implementation of the pilot project. The guidelines for the implementation of the pilot project is given below.

  • Weighing and identification of under nourished, adolescent girls and pregnant  and lactating mothers in the community 4 times a year and monitoring their nutritional status.

  • Distribution of 6 kgs of food grains ( Wheat/Rice, based on local habitual consumption pattern in the State) to identified and under nourished persons.

  • Training of AWW in adult weighing and health and nutrition education

  • Training of Supervisors and CDPOs in health and nutrition education.

  • Nutrition Education of targeted beneficiaries and their families by AWW, Supervisors and CDPOs

  • Health education and health check up of targeted beneficiaries and their families by ANM

  • Referral services

  • IEC activities and

Miscellaneous activities in conjugation with above activities

 

Nutrition Programme for Adolescent Girls (NPAG)

Nutrition Programme for adolescent girls (NPAG) is another scheme approved by the government of India.  The programme has to be following objectives.

  • Improved nutritional and health status of girls.

  • stimulate desire  for social exposure and knowledge to improve their decision making capabilities.

  • Train and equip the adolescent girls to upgrade home based and vocational skills.

  • Promote health hygiene, nutrition, family welfare, home management and child -care and to facilitate marriage only after the age of 18 years.

        

These different programmes are  meant for adolescent girls need to be integrated into a single programme which meets all the needs of adolescent girls.

  • To improve the nutritional and health status of girls in the age group of 11-18 years.

  • To ensure proper social and emotional development,. Gender re-nutrition etc for every adolescent girl so as to lead to proper personality development and active social life.

  • To train and equip adolescent girl to improve life skills and decision making capabilities.

  • To promote awareness of health, hygiene, nutrition, family welfare, home management, childcare and to help them make intelligent decision regarding marriage, pregnancy and related issues.

  • To give career guidance, reduce school drop outs and encourage acquiring of income generation skills leading to independent life.

  • To monitor nutritional status of adolescent girls and ensure timely intervention whenever needed.

  • To promote mental health among adolescent girls.

To facilitate peer group interaction and improve social skills.

Beneficiaries:

The beneficiaries are the girls in the age group of 11-18.

Adolescent girls clubs are formed at all anganwadies in 163 ICDS projects in the State.  The programme in the current proposal will activate and strengthen the A.G. clubs.  The services are planned so as to react directly to the targeted beneficiaries at the community level utilizing the existing ICDS network.  The programme will be implemented with the active involvement of LSG’s.

 

Integrated Women Empowerment  Programme (IWEP) or SWAYAMSIDHHA

            The Indira Mahila Yojana (IMY) has been recast into an integrated programme for women's empowerment, namely Integrated Women's Empowerment Programme (IWEP), the long term objective being the all round empowerment of women, especially socially and economically, by ensuring their direct access to, and control over, resources through a sustained process of mobilisation and convergence of all the ongoing sectoral programmes. The immediate objectives are establishment of S.H.Gs, creation of confidence and awareness among members of SHGs regarding women's status, health, nutrition, education, sanitation and hygiene, legal rights, economic upliftment and other social, economic and political issues, strengthening saving habits, improving access of women to micro credit, involvement of women in local level planning and convergence of services of DWCD and other departments.

                Swayamsidha isa 100% CSS integrated women empowerment programme implemented in 18 blocks in the state. The objective of the Programme being the all round empowerment of women  especially socially and economically by ensuring their direct access to and control over resources through a sustained process of mobilization and converge of all the ongoing sect oral Programmes.

Objective

  1. Economic as well as social empowerment of women by group stabilization.

  2. Training and awareness programmes for various women issues.

DETAILS OF FUND RELEASED

2002-03

36.25

2003-04

33.89

2004-05

20.00

2005-06

132.43

DETAILS OF EXPENDITURE

2002-03

40.14

2003-04

31.71

2004-05

55.88

2005-06

101.16

 

Present stage of implementation

                As per the scheme, three phases of implementation has been envisaged

Phases I formation of self help groups

Phases II groups stabilization and growth

Phases III sustainability and self reliance

It is proposed to include coastal ICDS blocks and existing blocks for this  scheme and provide sufficient funds to sustain the achievements attained so far and provide financial support for Economic Empowerment of Women on coastal belt.  It is assume that Govt. of India will provide financial support to this scheme.

In Kerala the programe is being implemented by Social Welfare Department in the following 18 ICDS Blocks.

Parasala

Perumkadavila

Ithikkara

Anchalummuu

Sasthamkotta

Kanjikuzhy

Pattanakad

Devikulam

Mannarkad

Attappady

Balussery

Melady

Koduvally

Kozhicode (U11)

Kalpatta

Sulthan Battery

Mananthawady

Neeleswaram

 

 

TAKE HOME  RATION  SCHEME (THRS)

 

         As per G.O (MS) 54/2004/SWD dt. 30.7.04 Government have approved Take Home Ration Strategy scheme for giving Supplementary Nutrition to children below 3 years belonging to BPL families as per PMGY.  Initially the programme was ordered to be  implemented on a pilot basis in 6 I.C.D.S. Projects.  Now the programme has been extended to 163 ICDS blocks.  Supplementary food – soild food mix consisting of roasted, ground, cereal (rice, wheat, rawa, ragi. etc.) pulses oil seeds and sugar (i)  fortified with micronutrient, specially vitamin-A, B-complex, Iron and Zinc (ii) low in bulk (consistency) and (III) high in nutrient density will be provided in powdered and dry form, properly packaged in good quality low density poly ethylene (LDPE) pouch of good gauge has to be provided in 1 kg packets that can be conveniently taken home, preserved and administered to the child according to the requirement 2-3 times a day. The health and growth parameters of the child is to be measured once in two weeks at the Anganwadi Centre using the Health Cards.

The constituents of the food mix selected in consultation with the Central Food and Nutrition Board will be as follows

Cereals (rice/wheat/rawa/ ragi etc)                   – 60gm

Pulses (green gram, Benagal gram etc)               – 20gm

Ground nut etc                                               - 10gm

Sugar                                                           - 10gm 

Total                                                            - 100gm

        The above rood mix will contain 370 kg calories energy, 13.9gms of protein and other micronutrients.

        Random quality control check up to the THRS packets will be done using the services of Government Analytical Labs.

        Supervision of the programme will be done (a) at the District level by the District Social Welfare Officer/ Programme Officer (b) at the Project level by the Child Development Project Officer / Assistant Child Development Project Officer and (c) at the Sector level by the ICDS Supervisor.

         The expenditure involved will be met from the grant given to Local Bodies and from the ACA received from Government of India.

 

 

Other Schemes

  • UDISHA Training  Programme

         The project ‘UDISHA’- the national initiative for quality improvement in training of childcare workers is fundamental to achieve improvement in the quality of early childhood care and development.  The project envisages a key transformation in approaches to the training of ICDS functionaries.  Improved worker training has been recognized as crucial to the success of the ICDS programme.  It also focuses on quality improvement and recognizes merits, rewards and incentives.  This training aims that the ICDS functionaries would be trained in a manner that they would develop themselves into agents of social changes instead of simply reacting to the situation .Under UDISHA  training programme the provision is not only to trace ICDS functionaries but also community leaders, mothers and personals in the line department. At present in Kerala 15 Anganwadi training centers and one MLTC is functioning.

In order to achieve quality of early child hood care and development, GOI has introduced the project UDISHA, the scheme envisages training of ICDS functionaries in such a manner that they would develop themselves in to agents of social change.

  a)          Job training to ICDS functionaries.

  b           Procurement and distribution of training and IEC materials to 

                Anganwadi centers.

     c)       Training to mothers of grade .I to –grade IV children

  

  • Anganwadi Welfare fund

         Apart from this the State Kerala has constituted a Welfare Fund known as “Anganwadi Workers and helpers Welfare Fund” where in Anganwadi Workers can contribute Rs.30/- per month and helper Rs.15/- per month. At present the contribution of State Govt. is only 100%. Other facilities provided to them is Employment opportunity to dye-in-hardness, regularisation of temporary hands for put in more than 2 years continuous or interrupted service, Maternity Leave(two time) Abortion Leave (one time), Causal leave for 20 days, leave upto 3 years on lose of pay seeking employment opportunities in abroad, availing loan facilities from Welfare Fund for education of children, their marriage, for construction of building and for treatment of children, festival allowance etc. are provided to them.

Anganwadi Building Construction

            One of the challenges of ICDS in Kerala is poor infra structure. This include poorly conducted buildings with improper ventilation and inadequate space, unhygienic surroundings , inadequate toilets and inadequate drinking water facilities.

 

SERVICES THROUGH INSTITUTIONS

         Women above 13 years shall be admitted (widows,deserted women, divorced women& destitute women who have nobody to look after). Children coming with mothers are allowed to stay with them up to the age of 6 years. After that they will be admitted in some other welfare institution for children and will be provided protection and education.

         There is one such Institution in every District except at Idukki and Wayanad with a capacity of 25 inmates.  Those seeking admission shall apply in a white paper showing the reason for getting admission directly to the Superintendent of the Institution.  Women shall also be admitted with a recommendation letter of District Probation Officer.

       There are institutions meant for the care and protection of mentally cured patients having nobody to look after.  Those seeking admission should produce a certificate from a Medical Officer.  There are 3 such institutions.

        Asha Bhavan at Thiruvananthapuram and Kozhikkode shall accommodate women above the age of 13 years and Asha Bhavan at Thrissur shall admit men above 15 years.

Those who are seeking admission shall submit a certificate from the Medical Officer showing that they are mentally cured patients. Those who are released from an institution should produce a certificate or recommendation letter from the head of the institution. 

            Rescue Homes are maintained to provide care and  protection to women who are indulged in immoral traffic and women are prone to moral danger and provide rehabilitation to bring them to the main stream of society.

Persons eligible for admission

Women arrested under Immoral Traffic Prevention Act.

Those who are rescued from moral danger by the Police or  a person coming with a recommendation letter of an agency registered under societies Registration Act.

Women who come for admission voluntarily who are under fear of moral danger

Women in the first category are admitted in Rescue Homes, which are declared as Protective Homes.

            These institutions are meant for those women released from the correctional institutions under Social Welfare Department such as Balamandir, Poor Home, other Rescue Homes, Orphanages etc.  Girls between the age of 14 years and 21 years are eligible for admission.

            There are two such institutions one at Kozhikkode and other at Kollam with a capacity of 100 inmates each.

            All expenses for the maintenance of the inmates shall be met by the Government.  The inmates shall continue their education or shall trained in any vocation aimed at their early rehabilitation. 

            Those who seek admission shall produce a recommendation letter from the Superintendent of the Institution from where they were released or a recommendation letter from District Probation Officer. Application should be given to the Superintendent of the concerned institution.

            These institutions are maintained for the temporary shelter and rehabilitation of  women and girls who have no social support system due to broken families, mental strains, social ostracism, exploitation or those who are under the fear of moral danger.  The women can be admitted voluntarily. In the institution they can continue their education or can engage in vocational training for their earlier rehabilitation.  They shall be released with their relatives or removed to some other institutions if longer stay is needed.  There is one Short Stay Home at Kozhikkode.

            For getting sanction to new homes proposal in the prescribed format should be submitted through the State Government with their recommendations.

            These institutions are meant for Women 13 years and above who have family problems. Three such institution are function under the department.


SERVICES THROUGH GRANT-IN-AID SCHEMES

Swadhar                                                                      GUIDELINES  and applications

            A scheme for Women in Difficult Circumstances

Although Indian family as a social institution is well known for the emotional and physical support that it provides to its extended members, many a time it fails to respond to the needs of women, specially for women in difficult circumstance like widows, destitute and deserted women, women ex-prisoners, victims of sexual abuse and crimes, including those trafficked and rescued from brothels, migrant or refugee women who have been rendered homeless due to natural calamities like flood, cyclone, earthquake, mentally challenged women, women victims of terrorist violence etc.  Often the support of immediate or extended family are not available due to reasons ranging from economic instability of the family to provide such support to the breakdown of joint family system to the social bias against the marginalized women as also the attitude and value attached to such women.  Sometimes society itself drives such women out of the system to lead lives of sub human existence. More often vulnerable women in distress end up as beggars or prostitutes for their own survival and at times for survivals and maintenance of their dependent children.

Very limited State intervention available through old age home, short stay home, Nari Niketan etc, cover only a fringe of the problems of such women. Therefore a scheme known as ‘Swadhar’ has been designed with a more flexible and innovative approach to cater to the requirement of various types of women in   distress in diverse situations under different conditions.  The  Swadhar Scheme purports to address the specific vulnerability of each of group of women in difficult circumstances through a Home-based holistic and integrated approach.  

 

OTHER SERVICES

Flagship Programme for Gender Awareness

                Despite near total literacy, Little effort has been made to direct literacy towards building up a gender sensitive social environment challenging the survival of feudal- patriarchal attitudes and institutions, which perpetuate violence against women in the state. A sustained campaign, sensitizing the household and the public domain while at  the same time creating awareness in ways that would enable young girls and women to use the provisions of the law to defend themselves against acts of violence and seek remedial measures, is urgently required given the rising incidence of Domestic Violence, Sexual harassment and Dowry demands. This programme aims at over coming gender based discriminations through several measures whose collective impact should be significant. To implement the programme, starting with implementing the provisions to be made for initiating action on the protection of women from Domestic violence Act, 2005, Rs.500 Lakh is provided for 2007-08

                Since there is no separate department as of now to which the funds can be allocated, it is distributed in the following way Rs.500 Lakhs under Social Welfare Department of which Rs. 125 Lakhs is allocated to Kerala State Women Development Corporation and Rs.50.00 Lakhs to  Kerala Womens Commission ; Rs. 15 Lakhs to Kudumbashree and Rs.25 Lakhs to State Women Cell  in the police department. In view of the fact that the project involves a number of agencies, the State Planning Board will co-ordinate the project preparation.

                Flagship programme for gender awareness proposed to be implemented during the current year.

v    Media campaign for gender sensitisation

v    Additional facilities for shelter homes, counseling centres

v    Training to Judicial officer, Public Prosecutors, DYSP’s/CI’s, Station Head officers

v    Training to protection officers, Counselors, Shelter home managers, Medical Officer, Clinical Psychologist, Training to women organizations and Political leaders 

                State Government has introduced a new scheme as Flagship programme on Finishing School for women. This Scheme proposes to equip women job seekers to upgrade their skill through ordinal training so as to make them employable. The un employment rate among the youth in Kerala is exceedingly high and this is particularly true among young females. It was 45.8 percent in rural areas ( as against 32.3 percent for young males) and 50.4 percent in urban areas ( as against 26.6 percent young males). On 3,987,035 registered job seekers as on September 2006, on the live register of employment exchanges in Kerala; 58 percent are females. Kerala appears to be caught up in a “high literacy- low skill” trap. A number of women job seekers are forced to take up employment in vocations with very low skills in the service sector. These jobs are extremely low paid, insecure, unstable, informal sector jobs and account for the large , bloated service sector in Kerala. In this context, this flagship program on finishing schools proposes to equip women job seekers to upgrade their skills through additional training so as to make them “employable “. For this purpose, the services of a number of institutions like I T I’s, Engineering colleges, I I T’s, public and private industries etc.. would be used. The Social Welfare Department and the Kerala State Women’s Development Corporation would co-ordinate in implementing the program. An outlay of Rs.200 lakh is provided for the Annual Plan 2007-08. The Outlay for 2007-08 is derived from the flagship allotment of Rs.13 Crores given to Labour and Labour Welfare.

                The following schemes are proposed to be implemented during the current year.

v    Flagship Programme on finishing school for Engineering graduates and ITI and other skill holders

v    Support to distressed educated equip them to seek employment in government sector.

v     Finishing School for inmates in Mahilamandiram and former inmates of welfare institution, disadvantaged group.

 

Domestic Violence Act

     Omission of commission or conduct of a person that causes; harm, injury or endanger the health, saf4ety, life limb or well being, whether metal or physical of any women or her children in a domestic relationship and includes Sexual, Physical, Verbal, Emotional and Sexual Abuse.  

The protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act. 2005 has been notified by the Central Government and has come into force with effect from October 26, 2006. the Act is basically meant to provide protection to the wife or female live in partner from violence at the hands of the husband of male live-in-partner or his relatives. Domestic violence under the Act includes actual abuse or the threat of abuse, whether physical sexual, verbal emotional or economic. Harassment by way of unlawful dowry demands to the women victim, or her relatives would also be covered under the definition of domestic violence.

       Role and function of the Central/State  Government under the Act has been specified in section 11 of the Act. They are as follows.

  1. To give wide publicity through public media including TV, radio & print media at regular basis.

  2. Periodic sensitization & awareness training on the issues addressed by the Act to the officer including the Police Officers & members of Judicial service.

  3. Effective co-ordination between concerned Minister & Departments.

  4. Publication of protocol for various agencies concerned with the delivery of services.

Only a woman can file a complaint of Domestic Violence under the Act.

Against Whom?

Complaint can be made against any adult male person or his relation (also women) who have been in a domestic relationship with aggrieved women for example husband or male partner or mother-in-law.

Whom to Complain?

  • Protection officer

  • Police Officer

  • Service Provider

  • Judicial Magistrate of Fist Class or Metropolitan Magistrate

How to Complain?

  • Over telephone to the Protection Officer/Service Provider

  • Written Complaint to Protection Officer, Police Officer, Service Provider, Magistrate 

How can you comaplin?

  • When the incident of domestic violence has happened

  • When the incident of domestic violence is happening

  • When there is a probability that it will happen

Any one who has the knowledge of the violence happening can give complaint/ information

 

Dowry Prohibition ACT

              As per the GO (P) No. 47/2004/SWD, dated 07-07-04 Govt. has amended The Kerala Dowry prohibition Act of 1961 by suppressing the existing Kerala Dowry Prohibition Rules 1992.  A dowry prohibition rule has been framed incorporating some of the long standing demands of the National women’s commission. Under the amended Rules 3 Regional Dowry Prohibition Officers were posted with independent charge .The Director of Social Welfare is the Chief Dowry Prohibition Officer, to whom the RDPO will report.

Objectives.

The compliance regarding dowry may be filed by the party herself, the parent or a relative ,or any recognized welfare Institution / Organiasation. The RDPO should enquire the petition and record within a month .His approach shall be primarily preventive and remedial. Prosecution may be resorted to only if the parties involved do not comply with his orders with in the stipulated time. The new Rule also stipulate that any compliant regarding the non transfer of dowry to the women who is entitled will also be looked into .All State Govt. employees getting married will hence forth be required to furnish a declaration to the head of the department after marriage, that he had not accepted any dowry. The declaration should have to be signed by wife, father and father –in-law. As per Govt notification, filing the declaration is mandatory and has come in to effect as apart of Dowry Prohibition Act.

Scope

Ø  To create awareness among the public by organizing camps publicity through information and broadcasting Dept, LSG and other media against dowry and involve local people for prevention of dowry.

Ø  Conduct supervision checks and direct enquiry to ascertain whether there has been any violation of the provision of the Act/ rules.

Ø  Accept complaints for any offence under the Act from the party or person aggrieved or any other persons or organization.

Ø  Maintain registers to record all complaints, enquiries and result thereof and other relevant information.

Ø  Act as member secretary of the Advisory Board.

Mode of implementation

The RDPO will maintain a register for the purpose of this Act, to record all compliance, enquiries and result thereof and other relevant information in this regard. Being the member secretary ,it is his duty to convene the meeting of the Advisory board and he shall maintain regular contact with the members of the Advisory Board for necessary advice and assistance from them He has also to discharge his duty with due care, decorum, privacy and in a manner to uphold the dignity and harmony of family relationship .Every year one specified day would be observed as ‘Dowry Prohibition Day’ and pledge would be administered to students in schools and colleges that they shall not give or receive dowry. The Dowry prohibition officer shall be responsible for creating awareness to prevent dowry system and with a view to uproot the evil of dowry system.

      As per G.O (R t)No.309/04/SWD dated 12-07-04, Regional dowry prohibition officers were appointed with Independent charge in 3 Regions of Trivandrum ,Ernakulam and Kozhikode. The jurisdiction extends to minimum 4 districts and they have to attend all districts to receive individual complaints and to conduct sittings .At the present set up each petitioner will attend in the Regional offices for filing their grievances and also in hearing. One of the important duties of the RDPO is to keep all presents submitted by the petitioners received at the time of marriage. These valuable materials are to be kept under the safe custody of the RDPO till the disposal of the petition .Moreover RDPO  shall conduct sensitization programmes and create general awareness to the public through the LSG. This type of sensitizing programme should be conducted in panchayath,block and district levels .

 

 

 

 

Social Welfare Department

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