........... A Secretary to
Government heads this department. This Department has the
nodal responsibility for administering various developmental
schemes and formulation, implementation and monitoring of
various plans schemes.
was in 1975 that a separate department was set up to supervise
the tribal development activities. The Director of the department
will be the supervising authority over the tribal development
activities. The other officers designated by the Government
are Joint Director, Administrative Officer, Finance Officer
Assistant Director (Education) Assistant Director (sub plan
cell) and Publicity Officer Special Officer (education).
The committee also included officers who are in charge of
the various activities of the department. Trivandrum is
the headquarters. The following offices namely Nedumangad
Kanjirappally, Thodupuzha, Attappadi, Nilampur, Waynad and
Kannur are the places where seven ITD project offices function.
Punalur, Ranni, Moovatupuzha, Thamarasseri, Mananthavdi,
Sulthanbatheri, Kasargod are the other 7 tribal development
offices which carry out tribal development activities. In
addition there are 48 tribal extension centres which are
active in tribal belts. The Department runs a number of
institutions like Hostels, Balavadis, Nursery Schools, Training
Centres, Dispensaries, Mobile Employment Exchanges and Midwifery
centres. A State Tribal Advisory Committee is constituted
to monitor the welfare activities of the Department with
the Minister for Tribal Development as Chairman and Director
of the Department as convener. In the districts too such
committees function as District Collectors at the helm.
A District Working Group also functions to prepare plans
and to implement them.
SCHEDULED TRIBES DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES
is clear that backwardness in education is an important
cause for economic backwardness. It is in the light of this
fact, the Central and State Governments attach greater importance
to scheduled tribesí economic progress. From infancy onwards
greater emphasis is being paid to education programs. Major
part of the money set apart for economic development is
being spent on education.
this scheme 43 Balavadis were set up. This excludes the
Balavadis run by Social Welfare Department. The scheme is
meant to develop aptitude in learning; to encourage children
for accelerating the development of their intellectual capacity
to make them strongly attached to hygienic circumstances.
Nursery Schools/ Single Teacher Schools
Scheduled Tribe Development Department runs 14 Nursery Schools
and 12 Single Teacher Schools. The children studying in
Nursery Schools are given, free mid day meals and dress
in addition to lumpsum grant. Admission is being given to
children of 3a to 5 a years old. The Single Teacher Schools
set up with the intention of creating awareness about education,
health and cleanliness of the surroundings among the scheduled
tribes, especially among those who dwell in forlorn areas
and spread education among their children.
Educational facilities upto the High School level
from giving full fee concession to all scheduled tribe students,
lumpsum grant and special stipend are also being given to
them. In the case of students who fail in the final examinations
of one class are being given half the amount of lumpsum
grants. They are also being offered all other concessions
in full. Special care is being taken to distribute the lumpsum
grant before the end of the first month after the opening
of the school.
hundred and eleven prematric hostels and 3 G.R.B schools
are being run to help the education of scheduled tribes
students. It is those students who do not stay within reasonable
distance from the schools are the beneficiaries. 30 students
are given accommodation in each hostel. On the basis of
available space, more students are admitted to hostels.
In the hostels 10% of accommodation is being reserved for
students of other communities. The inmates are provided
with free meals, two pairs of dress in a year, educational
aids and notebooks. Hostels functions under the supervision
of a warden, assisted by other employees, watchmen, cooks
etc. In order to provide the students with assistance to
learn comparatively difficult subjects, facility for private
tuition also is arranged. Until now there are only 33 hostels
with permanent buildings. Strenuous efforts are being made
to construct permanent buildings for the hostels which are
now in rented buildings. In the Scheduled Tribes Centres,
where schools run by the education department , 3 G.R.B
schools with facility for primary education are also function.
Approximately 6000 students have been provided with accommodation
in one hundred and eleven hostels and 3 G.R.B schools.
assistance for Boarding
Scheduled Tribes students who seek admission in Boarding
are being paid Rs.200/- per month apart from free uniform
parent who send his/her kid regularly to school will get
an annual grant of Rs. 100/-
Prize to students
who get either 45% or higher marks in the 8th and the 9th
class are given RS 50 and those who get 45% or more marks
in the 10th class examination, are given RS 200 as encouragement
grant. Students who pass the S.S.L.C, Predegree, Degree
examinations in the first class are offered RS 2500, 3000,
3500 respectively as encouragement for further studies.
In addition to the above, encouragement is being given to
20 students in a district who pass the S.S.L.C examination
with high marks at the rate of RS 1500 in the case of the
Malappuram, Waynad and Palakkad districts, and in the case
of other districts same amount is given to 10 students each.
In the case of Predegree and Degree students 5 students
each, who have scored highest marks from Wayanad, Palakkad
and Malappuram districts are offered an award of Rs.2000;
in the case of the other districts 2 students each are given
RS 2500 as encouragement.
for study at Tutorials
who fail in the S.S.L.C examinations are given assistance
in the following manner Lumpsum grant RS 100 Monthly Stipend
RS 600 (60 x 10) Tuition fees RS 450 Assistance is being
made available to students who fail in Predegree examinations
assistance to capable students
students selected from among those of 4th class on the basis
of the marks scored by them and they are sent to eminent
residential schools. Under this scheme the total expenditure
on account of tuition fee, residential facilities, boarding,
dress and educational aids is met by the Government.
Educational recreation centres
recreation centres are being run in the scheduled tribes
residential centres. These centres are being provided with
furniture, books, newspapers and recreational aids.
Darsan / Kerala Darsan
boys who score high marks in S.S.L.C examination are selected
for Bharath Darsan programme of 20 days whereas 30 girls
students are selected for Kerala Darsan programme.
in athletics and art forms.
are given to scheduled tribes students who score victories
in art and sports activities at the state level in the following
manner. Who get the first and second places at the state
level competitions, prizes are given at the rate of RS 400
and RS 300. For district level winners RS 300 to RS 500
is offered. Apart from this, scheduled tribes students are
admitted in the sports hostels run by Scheduled Caste development
Department and further training in arts & sports is imparted.
order to provide high quality education to students belonging
to scheduled tribes, model residential schools have been
opened, one at Nallurnadu in Wayanad for boys and another
at Kattela in Thiruvananthapuram for girls. A maximum of
30 students are benefited by this provision by which 27
students from among the schedule cast scheduled Tribe candidates
and three from other candidates belonging to other communities
are selected on the basis of a state level admission test.
Thus total of 30 students are given admission in these schools.
There is a proposal to start more schools of this kind.
Gandhiji Memorial Asram School
Gandhi Memorial Asram School has been started in Noolpuzha
Panchayath in Wayanad district, with the purpose of giving
accommodation and coaching belonging to efficient tribal
students. Such schools will be established in Malappuram
district also. Every year 30 boys and girls are admitted
to the first year class of the school.
year 2 pairs of uniform is given to each student belonging
to lower primary classes of the tribal schools.
of the scheduled tribes are being exempted from paying fees
including the examination fee. In addition to the above,
they are given lumpsum grant and monthly stipend at various
rates. The stipend for first 4 months is given as advance
immediately after the college opening, in view of the possible
delay in scrutinizing the applications. Government is paying
special attention in this manner because they want the provisions
to be implemented smoothly without fail. In order to providing
adequate hostel facilities to students admission is given
to them in cosmopolitan hostels and other recognized hostels.
Educational assistance is offered to students undergoing
studies in other states also.
Programmes for Training in Job
order to make increased employment facilities scheduled
tribes students 26 employment training centres have been
established for their benefits under the employment authorities.
The period of training is two years. 12 young men are given
training at a time. The trainees are being given RS 200
per month in the first year and RS 150 in the second year
as lumpsum grant; they are also given RS 150 per month as
stipend. The materials required for training purposes is
also given. There is a proposal to expand the training schools
by adding new courses in consultation with N.C.V.T.
are 3 production training centres under the department.
It is proposed to appoint 12 specially trained persons in
the centres in addition to 6 skilled workers. The trainees
are being given lumpsum grants and monthly stipend. The
skilled workers are being given remuneration in proportion
to the work done by them.
Financial assistance for appearing for interview
allowance will be given to the candidates who appear for
interviews conducted against vacancies in the central and
state government services. They are paid either the exact
bus fare or second class train charges.
training candidates for appointment to the vacancies notified
by the Kerala Public Service Commission, Union Public Service
Commission, Banks and other institutions of public sector;
3 Pre-Examination Training Centres are functioning in Thiruvananthapuram,
Ernakulam and Kozhikode districts. The candidates are given
monthly stipend for this training. Applications for this
are to be submitted to the principals of the centres in
Training in Private institutes
fee concessions and stipend are made available for Scheduled
Tribes candidates studying in private institutes giving
technical training courses.
oriented education and other technical training
of seats available in all ITIís in the state are reserved
for scheduled tribes and scheduled castes candidates. In
addition to fee concessions, lumpsum grant and monthly stipend
are given, Training is given in motor driving, Autorikshaw
driving and Tractor driving etc.
who have undergone training in technical subjects are being
given financial assistance for self employment to the tune
of RS 3000. The Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes Development
Corporation carrying out various projects in this connection.
find out training for self-employment, vocational training,
camps of leadership training and providing tutorial facilities
for students failing in S.S.L.C and Pre-degree examinations
etc. have been taken up along with efforts to undertake
various development activities for the young men and women
belonging to Wayanad district. The Ambedkar Memorial Rural
Institute for Development (A.M.R.I.D) at Kalpetta is being
given assistance for various above said development activities.
Scheduled Tribe Development Department undertakes the construction
of houses with tried or concrete roofs, at a cost of RS
9000 and RS 12000 respectively. These amounts may be enhanced
by 20% if the house is constructed in a remote area. There
is provision for construction of bathroom, smokeless kitchen
and electrification are also allowed in the houses built.
Special efforts are taken to avoid middlemen and encourage
owners to do the construction by themselves.
for maintaining thatched houses and for covering roof with
assistance of RS 200/- is given to Scheduled Tribe men for
maintaining their thatched houses. For roof tiling there
is a provision for giving RS 2500/-
help electrification of houses
assistance is given to electrify the houses of persons belonging
to scheduled tribes at the rate of RS 400 per house.
assistance for repairing the houses and wells
assistance is gives at RS 3000 for repairing 7 years or
more old houses of ST people. In order to repair wells an
assistance upto a maximum of RS 500 is also offered.
for constructing houses
provision is open to purchase land to scheduled tribe people
for constructing house
assistance for partners in mixed marriage
given upto a limit of RS 2000 to those who are suffering
from hardships precipitated by mixed marriage. For this
one of the partners should belong to scheduled Tribe. The
annual income of the family should not exceed RS 8000. Application
can be submitted after one year from the date of marriage.
Rational financial assistance
times of exceptional urgency financial assistance is given
for expenditure connected with death, medical treatment
and rites performed after a death.
Financial assistance for marriage of poor scheduled
assistance not exceeding RS 5000 in each case is made available
to poor scheduled tribe girls. People with annual income
of RS 6000 only are eligible for this assistance.
order to develop social leadership qualities and organizational
skills, financial assistance is given for organizing Mahila
Samajams which work for the development among young women
belonging to scheduled tribes. The maximum assistance is
District /State level youth festival
and State level youth festivals are organized every year
with the participation of young women and men who have aptitude
for sports and arts. The programmes are organized with due
importance to traditional art forms.
scheduled tribes people generally dislike the adoption of
modern medicine system. But because of continued indoctrination
and the sweeping social changes their dislike towards the
modern medicine system is gradually vanishing. In the dwelling
places of the scheduled tribe people 17 Ayurvedic dispensaries,
one Ayurvedic hospital, 3 Allopathy hospitals and 5 Midwifery
centres are functioning at present. In Thiruvananthapuram
and Thodupuzha mobile medical units are functioning. Under
the Ayurveda department in Attappadi, Nilampur and Wayanad
areas mobile medical units are working for the benefit of
the scheduled tribe population. In addition to these there
are centres of medical treatment functioning under the Ayurveda
department. As a part of the Mananthavadi Health Project,
a hospital has started functioning for the benefit of scheduled
tribe people. The construction work of the hospital buildings
is at the final stage. The project is a Central Scheme bearing
75 % of the total cost of RS 1 crore and 79 lakhs. The aim
of the project is to provide modern medical facilities.
Research about the diseases prevalent among the scheduled
tribes and awareness campaigns on these diseases Propaganda
are also going on in connection with the Mananthavady Health
Project. Every year medical camps are being conducted in
selected places involving expert medical practitioners.
order to give information regarding the employment opportunities
arising in government and non - government institutions
and for enabling registration in employment exchanges and
to ensure the maximum number of employment to the scheduled
tribes, one mobile employment exchange is functioning at
Mananthavadi and another at Thodupuzha.
1968 onwards rubber cultivation is being undertaken in tribal
settlements with the help of the Rubber Board. This rubber
cultivation which was introduced in Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram
districts will be extended to other districts also.
the intention of raising income of the scheduled castes,
it is proposed to give all kinds of help to mulberry cultivation
in all suitable places.
augmenting tribal sub plan schemes, various programmes are
being undertaken every year. For this special assistance
received from the Centre is being utilized. The schemes
are helpful for economic development. The programmes aiming
economic development are being given priority. Other programmes
which can serve as a link in the development of scheduled
tribe areas are also promoted.
programmes which are being implemented
Financial assistance is given to landless scheduled tribe
people for purchasing agricultural land.
2. The most backward tribal settlements
are selected and programmes implemented for all round development
of the place.
3. In the lands belonging to scheduled
tribes rubber cultivation is done with the help of Rubber
4. Various programmes are implemented for
agricultural development of scheduled tribes.
5. Unemployed young men and women are given
financial assistance for self employment.
6. Special employment schemes implemented
for women belonging to scheduled tribes.
7. Tribal farmers are provided with Bullocks
meant for ploughing the land.
8. Training schemes are implemented for
educated young men and women for securing employment .
9.Special programs are undertaken for the
benefit of aborigine tribes.
the tribal sub plan schemes, all the state departments spent
2 % of their developmental resources for schemes beneficial
to scheduled tribes. All the schemes coming under the tribal
sub plan programmes including those of the scheduled tribe
development department are being implemented with the approval
of the district working group under the chairmanship of
the district collector. In the planning of this programmes
also this committee has a major role to deliver. Intensive
Habitat Development Programme (I.H.D.P) The all-round development
of the areas which have been denied basic facilities is
the purpose of this scheme. Through these programmes time-bound
progress is achieved in the fields of transport, drinking
water, electricity, public health, agricultural development,
housing and economic growth. A portion of the tribal sub
plan allocation and the amount spent by every department
for Jawahar Rosgar Yojana Scheme is earmarked for this purpose.
The requirements of the project area is determined in a
survey and programmes to be implemented are approved by
the district working group and those are implemented on
a time-bound basis.
scheduled tribes co-operative societies are functioning.
Of these 30 societies have been given the right to procure
small forest products. By this arrangement it has becomes
possible for the schedule tribes to get fair price for their
loan schemes implemented by the department
1-Interest free loan for securing self employment
Scheduled Tribes Development Department is giving
assistance upto an amount of Rs. 10,000 It is given as interest-free
loan for entreprenuers.
the basis of annual income scheduled tribe members are being
given a loan between RS 5000 and RS 10,000. Application
should be submitted in the prescribed form along with certificate
proving caste, income and ownership of land. How to submit
application forms :-
who are studying in classes upto the S.S.L.C level need
not submit the formal application. The school authorities
should examine the official documents, prepare the list
of schedule tribe students in the prescribed forms and submit
it to the concerned Tribal Development Officer. The necessary
forms are made available in the school sufficiently early.
The Scheduled Tribe Development Officer/Projects Officer
examine the application and approve an acceptable list of
candidates and give to the school authorities. The school
authority draws the amount from the treasury and distribute
it to the students.
students studying in the colleges have to submit the necessary
application for education concessions to the concerned backward
class development officer/project officer through the principal
of the educational institution. Along with the application
the certificate showing the caste and income of the student
also should be produced. The tribal development officer/project
officer examines the applications and passes orders sanctioning
financial assistance. For one and the same course only one
application need be submitted by the student. In order to
avoid loss of time, as soon as the college opens 4 months
stipend will be sanctioned in advance. In the case of various
consolation prizes, scheduled tribes development officer/project
officer collects necessary facts and sanctions them to eligible
tribes in the State
5. Irular, Irulan
7. Kammara (In the old Malabar district only)
8. Kanikkaran, Kanikkar
15. Kudiya, Melakkudi
25. Malayan (except in old Malabar district)
26. Mala Arayan
28. Maratti ( In the Hosdurg and Kasargod taluks in Kasargod
29. Muthuvan, Mudugar, Muduvan
Communities which are eligible for educational concession
as given to Scheduled Tribes .
1. Allar (Allan)
2. Malayan (Konga Malayan, Pani Malayan) (Former Malabar
6. Pathiyan (Those who are not washermen)
7. Thachanadan Mooppan
8. Waynad Kadar
thatched roofing, covering roof with tiles, for house construction,
for self employment of those who have technical skills,
for industrial loan, monetary assistance to mixed marriage,
for financial assistance to the marriage of poor girls belonging
into scheduled tribes : prepare application in prescribed
forms along with other required documents and submit them
to scheduled tribes development officer/project officer
through tribal extension officer.