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School Education

         There was phenomenal growth in school education infrastructure during the past 3 decades. Schooling has been conducted in three different stages - primary, secondary and higher secondary. In Kerala, there were 12,310 schools in 1999-2000 having 6726 lower primary (LP) schools, 2968 upper primary (UP) schools and 2580 high schools. Kerala schools posses better physical and basic facilities compared to those in other parts of India. 83% of schools are housed in proper buildings 84% of Government schools have drinking water facilities and 85% have urinals / latrine facilities.

Schools under Different Tiers of Local Self Govt. Institutions 2000

Sl.No Local Body No. of Institutions Transferred
    LP UP HS Total
1 Corporations 288 144 219 651
2 Municipalities 457 207 268 932
3 District Panchayats - 2615 2109 4724
4 Block Panchayat - - - -
5 Grama Panchayats 6003 - - -
  Total 6748 2966 2596 12310

Enrolment of Girl Students
          
Kerala has achieved near-equality in school enrolment with regard to gender. Girl students outnumber boys the high school stage. Girl students in schools constituted 49.1% of all students.

Primary Education
         Primary Education consists of 2 levels, lower primary (Std I - IV) and Upper Primary (std V to VII). This comprises the biggest segment of the states education system. Almost every village has more than five primary schools. There are 6,726 lower primary and 2,968 upper primary schools. Of the primary schools 61.07% are private aided, 2.98% are private unaided and 35.95% are government schools.

DPEP
          A centrally sponsored scheme, DPEP is a major multi - facted programme seeking to overhand and reconstruct primary education as a whole in selected educationally backward districts. Its emphasis is on decentralized planning and management as well as community participation. The programme was introduced in the districts of Malappuram, Wayanad and Kasargod in December 1994.

Secondary Education
          
A substantial increase of secondary schools was found in Kerala, i.e.., during 1996-97 there were 2,580 secondary schools as against 895 in 1960-61. These include 975 Government schools (37.67%), 1,400 private aided schools (54.1%) and 213 private unaided schools (8.23%).

Number of Schools in Kerala - Government Schools

1991-92
2565
898
425
960
826
963
1992-93
2565
898
425
960
826
963
1993-94
2520
898
424
959
828
967
1994-95
2520
901
386
958
837
975
1995-96
2521
902
406
960
836
976
1996-97
2521
895
415
961
667
975
1997-98
2516
893
432
962
834
976
1998-99
2555
901
434
962
835
976
1999-2000
2552
899
436
959
838
979

Note: Besides there are seven schools for the Handicapped and 38 T.T.Is in the State.
Source: Directorate of Public  Instruction, Thiruvananthapuram.

Number of Schools in Kerala-Private Aided Schools

1991-92
4067
1293
173
1883
1034
1380
1992-93
4067
1293
173
1883
1034
1380
1993-94
4045
1293
169
1880
1032
1379
1994-95
4041
1288
168
1876
1034
1380
1995-96
4040
1287
170
1875
1038
1394
1996-97
4039
1280
184
1873
985
1395
1997-98
4041
1285
159
1870
1028
1399
1998-99
4039
1279
191
1871
1040
1394
1999-2000
4035
1279
191
1873
1043
1397

Note: Besides there are 5 Anglo Indian High Schools, 23 schools for the Handicapped, 63 T.T.Is and one  Anglo-Indian T.T.I in the State.
Source: Directorate of Public Instruction, Thiruvananthapuram.

Number of Schools in Kerala - Unaided Schools

1991-92
151
46
63
92
109
129
1992-93
147
45
63
88
109
129
1993-94
137
44
63
80
111
129
1994-95
133
45
59
78
110
131
1995-96
167
43
85
129
68
203
1996-97
166
53
90
134
113
210
1997-98
160
44
97
1312
160
217
1998-99
161
61
105
133
171
215
1999-2000
161
61
105
134
171
220

Note: Besides there are 3 Anglo-Indian H.S. and 3 schools for the Handicapped in the State.
Source:
Directorate of Public Instruction, Thiruvananthapuram.

Progress of Education Institutions from 1961-62 to 1999-2000

1
2
3
4
5
1961-62
629
1985
6745
9359
1962-63
1015
2285
6904
10204
1963-64
1020
2285
6914
10219
1964-65
1146
2428
6930
10504
1965-66
1151
2447
6954
10552
1966-67
1278
2475
6933
10684
1967-68
1292
2479
6940
10711
1968-69
1381
2535
6917
10833
1969-70
1382
2532
6928
10842
1970-71
1384
2543
6895
10822
1971-72
1393
2551
6895
10839
1972-73
1399
2550
6887
10786
1973-74
1404
2548
6904
10856
1974-75
1488
2588
6975
11051
1975-76
1521
2606
6975
11102
1976-77
1666
2718
6995
11379
1977-78
1675
2718
6995
11379
1978-79
1680
2739
6970
11389
1979-80
1680
2739
6970
11389
1980-81
1976
2753
6861
11590
1981-82
2075
2779
5811
11665
1982-83
2154
2763
6817
11734
1983-84
--
--
--
--
1984-85
2397
2856
6848
12101
1985-86
2122
2852
6396
11670
1986-87
2430
2884
6828
12142
1987-88
2431
2885
6819
12135
1988-89
--
--
6819
--
1989-90
2430
2892
6813
12135
1990-91
2452
2915
6767
12134
1991-92
2472
2935
6783
12190
1992-93
2472
2931
6779
12182
1993-94
2475
2920
6702
12027
1995-96
2573
2964
6728
12265
1996-97
2580
2968
6726
12274
1997-98
2592
2964
6717
12273
1998-99
2585
2966
6755
12306
1999-2000
2596
2966
6748
12310

Source: DPI, Thiruvananthapuram.
Higher Secondary Education
There are 931 higher secondary schools (HSS) of which 417 are in government sector, 506 in aided sector and 8 in unaided sector. The H.S.S intake increased from 20,092 in 1997 to 1,65,600 in 2000. Girl students constitutes 58%. In 1997-98 pre-degree courses in 26 Government colleges have been de linked and higher secondary courses have been sanctioned in 103 government schools.

Higher Secondary Schools in Kerala (1994 to 2000)

Year Government Aided Unaided Total
Till 1994 49 33 2 84
1995 - - 6 6
1996 - - - -
1997 101 1 - 102
1998 106 226 4 336
1999 - - - -
2000 161 246 -4 403
Total 417 506 8 931

Note: 4 Nos. of unaided HSS started as per directions of Hon'ble High Court during 1998 have been converted into Aided HSS in 2000.

Intake of Students under Higher Secondary (plus Two) Courses - XI and XII Standard

 
First Year
Second Year
Year Boys Girls Total Boys Girls Total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
1995-96 2572 3354 5926 1947 2576 4523
1996-97 2351 3690 6041 2572 3354 5926
1997-98 8719 11373 20092 2351 3690 6041
1998-99 28184 34644 62828 8719 11373 20092
1999-2000 29772 40799 70571 28184 34644 62828
2000-2001 69552 96048 165600 29772 40799 70571

Source: Directorate of Higher Secondary Education, Thiruvananthapuram

Subject-wise Annual Intake of Students in
Higher Secondary Schools - 2000

Sl.No. Subject Boys Girls Total
1 Science 40173 55477 95650
2 Humanities 15133 20897 36030
3 Commerce 14246 19674 33920
Total 69552 96048 165600

Source:Directorate of HSE, Thiruvananthapuram

Intake of Students under Higher Secondary (plus Two)
Courses - XI and XII Standard

  (Group-A)
1 Civil construction
26
2 Maintenance and Repairs of Two Wheelers &Three Wheelers
12
3 Maintenance and Repairs of Automobiles
9
4 Maintenance and Repairs of Radio and Television
72
5 Maintenance and Repairs of Domestic Appliances
53
6 Mechanical Servicing (Agromachinery)
3
7 Refrigeration and Air-conditioning
16
8 Electroplating
1
9 Printing Technology(pre-Press Operation)
11
10 Printing Technology (Press Work and Finishing)
10
11 Rubber Technology
3
12 Textile Dyeing and printing
1
13 Textile Weaving
1
14 Data Processing and console Operation
36
15 Horology
1
16 Plastic Materials & Products
1
(Group-B)
  II Agriculture
17 Agriculture (Plant Protection)
47
18 Agriculture(Fruits & Vegetables)
22
19 Agriculture(Nursery Management & Ornamental Gardening
50
20 Agriculture (Sericulture)
3
  III Animal Husbandry
21 Livestock Management(Dairying)
16
22 Livestock Management(poultry Husbandry)
10
23 Dairying (Milk Products)
5
  IV Fisheries
24 Fisheries (Aquaculture)
9
25 Fisheries (Fishing Craft and Gear Technology)
4
26 Fisheries (Maintenance&Repairs of Marine Engines)
6
27

Fisheries (Fish Processing Technology)

12
  V Paramedical
28 Medical Laboratory technician
101
29 Maintenance and Operation of Bio-Medical Equipments
27
30

ECG Audiometric Technician

7

31 Domestic Nursing
12
32 Dental Technology
2
33 Physiotherapy
1
  VI Physical Education
34 Physical Education
4
35 Clothing & Embroidery
17
36 Cosmetology and Beauty Parlour Management
4
37 Creche and pre-School Management
3
(Group -C)
  VIII Business & Commerce
38 Travel and Tourism
1
(Group-D)
39 Office Secretaryship
58
40 Accountancy and Auditing
70
41 General Insurance
14
42 Marketing and Salesmanship
23
43 Reception,Book-keeping and Communication
5
44 Catering and Restaurant Management
3
45 Banking Assistance
8
  TOTAL
814

Source: Directorate of VHSC,Thiruvananthapuram
Vocational Higher Secondary Education
   It was formally introduced in Kerala at the higher secondary level (+2 stage) in 1983-84. There are 322 VHS School (231 Govt. & 91 Private) handling 814 schools of Vocational courses in 45 subjects. Subjects are related to agriculture ( livestock management and fisheries), health and paramedical service, business and commerce, home science and humanities and service sectors in engineering and technology.           Clothing and embroidery, cosmetology and management of beauty parlours, creche-pre-school management are courses exclusively for girls.

District-wise Number of Vocational Higher Secondary Schools in Kerala -2000


Sl.No. District   No.of Schools  
    Government Aided Total
1 Thiruvananthapuram
30
11
41
2 Kollam
20
31
51
3 Pathanamthitta
10
17
27
4 Alappuzha
14
7
21
5 Kottayam
21
10
31
6 Idukki
11
5
16
7 Ernakulam
22
12
34
8 Thrissur
26
10
36
9 Palakkad
17
7
24
10 Malappuram
24
2
26
11 Kozhikode
20
8
28
12 Wayanad
5
2
7
13 Kannur
15
1
16
14 Kasargod
13
3
16
Total  
248
126
374

Source: Directorate of VHSE,Thiruvananthapuram

Intake of Students under Vocational Higher Secondary Education
from 1992-93 to 1998-99

  Class XI     Class XII    
Year Boys Girls Total Boys Girls Total
1992-93
7900
4270
12170
7440
4560
12000
1993-94
8690
4720
13410
7870
4260
12130
1994-95
8993
5282
14275
8159
5216
13375
1995-96
10553
6747
17300
8422
5853
14275
1996-97
9209
8166
17375
9405
7695
17100
1997-98
9435
10508
19943
7289
9112
16401
1998-99
9327
10348
19675
9728
10491
19919

Source:Directorate of VHSE,Thiruvananthapuram
Education of the disabled

          There are 23 recognized special schools for the disabled and about 3,000 children study in them. They are managed mostly by charity agencies like the Kerala Federation of the Blind.
Architecture Education o:p>Name of institutions
1. Calicut Engineering College, Calicut – 673 601.
2. College of Engineering, Engineering College, Thiruvananthapuram – 695 016.
3. T.K.M. College of Engineering, Kollam – 691 005.

Audio – Visual Media

Centre for Development of Imaging Technology (C-DIT) Thiruvananthapuram – 695 022.
P.G. Diploma in Science and Development Communication (DSDC) Duration : 1 year Qualification : B.A in any discipline with 50% marks


Fine Arts & Applied Arts

 

College

Course

Qualification

Duration

1.

College of Fine Arts
Thiruvananthapuram – 695033
Phone : 322028

BFA Painting Sculpture – Applied Arts

10+2 / equivalententrance test & interview

4 years

2.

R.L.V College of Music and
Institute of Fine Arts
Thiruvananthapuram

a)       Diploma
b)       BFA (Painting Sculpture, Applied Arts)
c)       MFA (Painting, Sculpture, Applied Arts)

SSLC Pass
+2/equivalent

BFA in relevant subject

4 years

3.

Fine Arts College, Thrissur

a)       Diploma in Silpakala
b)       BFA

SSLC

5 years

4.

Ravi Varma Institute of Fine ArtsMavelikkara

a)       Courses in Silpakala Chitrakala & Applied Arts

SSLC

5 years


Animation and Cartoons

Courses on animation and cartoons are available in the following institution. 1. Kerala Cartoon Academy, Chittoor Road, Kochi.

Agriculture

Agriculture B.Sc and M.Sc in Agriculture is available in the following institution of Kerala Agricultural University.
1. College of Agriculture, Vellayani, Thiruvananthapuram
2. Kerala Agricultural University, Vellanikkara, Thrissur – 690 654.

Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering

1. Calicut University, Kozhikode – 673 635
2. Family of Applied Science, M.G. University, Kottayam – 686 560
3. University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram – 695 034.

Chartered Accountancy

Chartered Accountancy is regulated by a governing body of the Institute of Chartered Accountant of India (ICAI).  The following regional centers in the state may be contacted for information and training.

1. Thycaud, Thiruvananthapuram, Phone: 323789
2. Pallithottam, Kollam, Phone : 750583
3. Alappuzha, Phone : 261458
4. Kodimatha, Kottayam, Phone : 560057
5. Diwan’s Road, Ernakulam, Phone : 369238
6. Indran’s Nagar, Palakkad, Phone : 537076
7. Cherootty Nagar, Kozhikkode, Phone : 751124

Oral coaching centers
1. U.C. College, Aluva
2. St. Joseph’s College, Kozhikode
3. St. Albert’s College, Ernakulam
4. St. Thomas College, Palai
5. National College, Manacaud, Thiruvananthapuram.
6. Farook College, Feroke
7. SB College, Changanassery
8. SH College, Ernakulam
9. Fatima College, Kollam
10. St. Thomas College, Thrissur

Dentistry
1. Dental College, Calicut – 673 008
2. Dental College, Trivandrum – 695 011

Cost and Works Accountancy

Details regarding the Institute of Cost and Works Accountants of India are available in the following places.
1. The Secretary, Trivandrum Chapter of ICWAI TC 9/881 – 1 Jawahar Line, Vellayambalam, Trivandrum – 10.
2. The Secretary, Cochin Chapter of ICWAI Barelium College Buildings, Kottayam – 1. 3. The Secretary, Cochin Chapter of ICWAI ICWA Bhavan, Door No. 36/897-A Judge Avenue, Kaloor, Kochi – 17.
4. The Secretary, Trichur Chapter of ICWAI IV / 294, Tane, Irinjalkuda – 680 121.
5. The Secretary, Palakkad Chapter of ICWAI Kits College, Court Road, Palakkad – 678001.

Company Secretary

Application form and details about the institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI) can be had from the following chapters.
1. Thiruvananthapuram Chapter Utsavamadam Buildings, Kottakkakam
Phone : 451915
2. Kochi Chapter, North Railway Station Road Phone : 392950
3. Kottayam Satellite Chapter Eranjal Road, Phone : 572107
4. Thrissur Satellite Chapter, Paliyam Road Phone : 331 112.
Engineering Colleges
1. Regional Engineering College, Kozhikode – 673 601.
2. Govt. Engineering College, Thiruvananthapuram.
3. Govt. Engineering College, Thrissur.
4. Govt. Engineering College, Kannur.
5. Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology, Kottayam.
6. T.K.M. College of Engineering, Kollam
7. MA College of Engineering, Kothamangalam
8. NSS College of Engineering, Palakkad
9. Govt. Engineering College, West Hill, Kozhikode
10. Govt. Engineering College, Mananthavadi, Wayanad
11. Model Engineering College, Ernakulam
12. College of Engineering, Chengannur
13. College of Engineering, Adoor
14. College of Engineering, Kallooppara, Pathanamthitta
15. LBS College of Engineering, Kasargod
16. Sri. Chitra Tirunal College of Engineering, Pappanamcode, Thiruvananthapuram.
17. University College of Engineering, Thodupuzha.
18. MES College of Engineering, Kuttippuram.
19. Kelappaji College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Malappuram.
20. College of Diary Science and Technology, Mannuthi, Thrissur.
21. Co-operative Institute of Technology, Vadakara, Kozhikode.

 


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for Public Relations Department, Govt. of Kerala.